Mill (Blackwell Great Minds) by Wendy Donner;Richard Fumerton

By Wendy Donner;Richard Fumerton

John Stuart Mill investigates the primary components of the nineteenth century philosopher’s so much profound and influential works, from On Liberty to Utilitarianism and The Subjection of ladies . via shut research of his fundamental works, it unearths the very center of the thinker’s principles, and examines them within the context of utilitarianism, liberalism and the British empiricism normal in Mill’s day.

• provides an research of the total diversity of Mill’s fundamental writings, attending to the center of the philosopher’s rules. • Examines the critical components of Mill’s writings in simply available prose • areas Mill’s paintings and proposal in the higher cultural and social context of nineteenth century Britain • Illustrates the continuing relevance of Mill’s philosophy to today’s reader

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Thoughtful readers will find themselves puzzling over these. Value pluralism presents one such challenge to all forms of hedonism. Value pluralism maintains that all 24 Wendy Donner forms of hedonism are too limited in the list of things allowed onto the list of intrinsically valuable things. Surely, the value pluralist contends, other things like virtue, knowledge or wisdom, and enlightenment are, at least on some occasions, valuable in themselves, apart from any connection to or presence of happiness or satisfaction.

Members of society who have been denied the basic education needed to become self-developed agents, or competent agents with the training and ability to make astute judgments of value, are wronged by their society. Thus a lot of theoretical weight is put on the philosophy of education in Mill’s theory. The form of political liberalism consonant utilitarianism: theory of value 27 with Mill’s value theory is egalitarian (Donner 1991, 160–87). People have a right to liberty of self-development and are wronged and harmed if they are shut out from an appropriate education.

That what is just in ordinary cases is, by reason of that other principle, not just in the particular case. ” The example Mill uses as illustration is of the duty to take or steal food or medicine needed to save someone’s life. A point of special importance is that such rules of justice cannot be overruled to obtain small or moderate utility gains even for large numbers of others, as in Crisp’s example. ) Cases in which small benefits to large numbers of people are gained by violating the rights of a minority, even a minority of one, are ruled out by the very structure of Mill’s theory.

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