Maya Daykeeping: Three Calendars from Highland Guatemala by John M. Weeks

By John M. Weeks

In Maya Daykeeping, 3 divinatory calendars from highland Guatemala--examples of a Mayan literary culture that incorporates the Popul Vuh, Annals of the Cakchiquels, and the Titles of the Lords of Totonicapan--dating to 1685, 1722, and 1855, are transcribed in K'iche or Kaqchikel side-by-side with English translations. Calendars akin to those stay the foundation for prognostication, deciding on every thing from the time for planting and harvest to foreshadowing disease and dying. reliable, undesirable, and combined fates can all be present in those examples of the sun calendar and the 260-day divinatory calendar. using such calendars is pointed out in historic and ethnographic works, yet only a few examples are identified to exist. all of the 3 calendars transcribed and translated through John M. Weeks, Frauke Sachse, and Christian M. Prager--and housed on the college of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology--is particular in constitution and content material. in addition, apart from an unpublished examine of the 1722 calendar by way of Rudolf Schuller and Oliver l. a. Farge (1934), those little-known works seem to have escaped the eye of so much students. Introductory essays contextualize every one record in time and house, and a sequence of appendixes current formerly unpublished calendrical notes assembled within the early 20th century. supplying massive info at the divinatory use of calendars in colonial highland Maya society formerly unavailable with no stopover at to the college of Pennsylvania's documents, Maya Daykeeping is a useful basic source for Maya students.

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The author had a few Indian manuscripts at hand, which he made use of in the first chapters of the first book. In chapter 7 (folios 21–25) he deals with the calendars that the Indians of the Kingdom of Quauhutemala, as shows the following extract: 21 C a l e n da r i o d e l o s i n d i o s d e G u at e m a l a , 1 6 8 5 Dividian el año de la misma manera que los Mexicanos y solo se diferenciaban de ellos en los significados de los meses. Contaban el año de 18 meses y cada mes de veinte dias. A estos (360 dias) añadian cinco dias que decian validos (nemontemi de los Mexicanos) con que ajuntaron el año solar de 365 dias.

Day 1 2 9 Aq’ab’al 3 10 K’at good day 21 22 29 C a l e n da r i o d e l o s i n d i o s d e G u at e m a l a , 1 6 8 5 4 11 Can 23 5 12 Camey 24 6 13 Quieh 25 7 1 Kanel 26 8 2 Toh 9 3 Tzij 10 4 Batz vtzilahquih marzo 1 11 5 Ee vtzilahquih 2 12 6 Ah vtzilahquih 3 13 7 Yiz 4 14 8 Tziquin 5 15 9 Ahmak 16 10 Noh 7 17 11 Tihax 8 18 12 Caok 9 19 13 Hunahpu 10 20 1 Ymox 11 2 Yε marzo vtzilahquih 27 28 vtzilahquih 6 /10/ Mes 3° Rucantumuzuz Hermano ó compañero del mes que buelan las hormigas. Dia 1 30 12 2 3 Aεbal 13 3 4 Kat 14 4 5 Can 15 5 6 Camey 16 6 7 Quieh 17 7 8 Kanel 18 C a l e n da r i o d e l o s i n d i o s d e G u at e m a l a , 1 6 8 5 4 11 Kan 23 5 12 Kamey 24 6 13 Kiej 25 7 1 Q’anel 26 8 2 Toj 9 3 Tz’i’ 10 4 B’atz’ good day 1-Mar 11 5E good day 2 12 6 Aj good day 3 13 7 I’x 4 14 8 Tz’ikin 5 15 9 Ajmaq 16 10 No’j 7 17 11 Tijax 8 18 12 Kawoq 9 19 13 Junajpu 10 20 1 Imox 11 2 Iq’ March good day 27 28 good day 6 Third Month Rukan Tumuxux Brother or companion of the month of the flying ants.

Dia 12 Yε julio 1 30 2 13 Aεbal 31 3 1 Kat agosto 1 44 4 2 Can 2 5 3 Camey 3 6 4 Quieh 4 7 5 Kanel 8 6 Toh 6 9 7 Tzij 7 10 8 Batz 8 11 9 Ee 12 10 Ah 10 13 11 Yiz 11 14 12 Tziquin 12 15 13 Ahmak 13 16 1 Noh 14 17 2 Tihax 15 18 3 Caok 16 19 4 Hunahpu 17 20 5 Ymox 18 vtzilahquih vtzilahquih 5 9 C a l e n da r i o d e l o s i n d i o s d e G u at e m a l a , 1 6 8 5 Tenth Month Rukab’ Toqik Second harvest or companion of the former. Day 12 Iq’ July 1 30 2 13 Aq’ab’al 31 3 1 K’at August 1 4 2 Kan 2 5 3 Kamey 3 6 4 Kiej 4 7 5 Q’anel 8 6 Toj 6 9 7 Tz’i’ 7 10 8 B’atz’ 8 11 9E 12 10 Aj 10 13 11 I’x 11 14 12 Tz’ikin 12 15 13 Ajmaq 13 16 1 No’j 14 17 2 Tijax 15 18 3 Kawoq 16 19 4 Junajpu 17 20 5 Imox 18 good day good day 5 9 45 C a l e n da r i o d e l o s i n d i o s d e G u at e m a l a , 1 6 8 5 /18/ Mes 11° Nabeypach Primer tiempo de empollar las cluecas.

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