By Rochelle C. Jaffe
Rochelle Jaffe is an authorized architect and a certified structural engineer. She can also be qualified as a development specifier (by the development Specification Institute) and as a different inspector of structural masonry (by the overseas convention of establishing Officials). As a Senior undertaking advisor with NTH experts, Ltd., in Farmington Hills, Michigan, Ms. Jaffe makes a speciality of research, review, and rehabilitation of current, deteriorated, and broken masonry buildings, and has over twenty years' event during this field.Ms. Jaffe is a member of the yankee Concrete Institute (ACI) and the yankee Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). As an lively member of The Masonry Society (TMS), she is a former member of the Board of administrators and a former editor of the magazine, serves at the layout Practices Committee, and is present chairperson of the Architectural Practices Committee. Her energetic participation within the ACI/ASCE/TMS Masonry criteria Joint Committee, the gang that authors the construction Code necessities for Masonry buildings (ACI 530/ASCE 5/TMS 402) and the Specification for Masonry constructions (ACI 530.1/ASCE 6/TMS 602), comprises serving as a former chair of the Stone Cladding Subcommittee.Ms. Jaffe has authored or co-authored journal articles and texts, in addition to a variety of technical reviews regarding investigations of masonry constructions with fabric and architectural or structural deficiencies. She has spoken at a number of seminars and different technical capabilities.
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The reported value is the minimum of the average strength of test specimens evaluated in the four conditions. chapter 2 MORTAR AND GROUT M ortar and grout are used to bind one masonry unit to another, and to bind together masonry units with ties, anchors, and reinforcement. The material ingredients of mortar and grout are similar to those used in producing concrete: cement, aggregate, and water. However, mortar and grout differ conceptually from concrete in these primary respects: water content; stiffness of the mix; aggregate size; and permitted cementitious materials.
Building bricks are not classified by type because appearance is not a requirement. Face bricks are classified by types FBS, FBX, and FBA; hollow bricks are classified by types HBS, HBX, HBA, and HBB; thin bricks are classified by types TBS, TBX, and TBA. 5. Permitted chippage, variation in size, and distortion of surfaces and edges vary with the brick type. The “BX” types have more stringent tolerances than the “BS” and “BB” types, while the “BA” types do not have limitations. When the project specifications do not list the required type of brick, the standard stipulates that the requirements for type FBS, HBS, or TBS (as applicable) govern.
22. ” Several test procedures are described in this standard, and this chapter will summarize the most common testing that is relevant to concrete masonry units. However, the reader should refer to the ASTM standard for exact methods of testing. Additional test methods to evaluate the glaze on ASTM C 744 units are provided within that standard. ASTM C 426 “Standard Test Method for Linear Drying Shrinkage of Concrete Masonry Units” provides the procedure for evaluating the shrinkage potential of concrete units, which is a requirement in most concrete masonry material standards.