Listening Comprehension: Selections from Malaysian and by Malcolm W. Mintz

By Malcolm W. Mintz

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Jaume, the son of a plant manager who had just been made redundant, had brought his new girlfriend Silvia into the group, a very attractive woman who stood out in the group because she presented a much more middle-class style of dress and demeanor. Chimo, the son of a taxi driver, was the only one who made it to the university. Lola did not turn up so often either, although she was Salva's partner (in a relatively loose way) until Salva and Clara got involved. Natalia was another training-school recruit who became gradually very close to, and also very dependent on, Clara, who had "seen more of the world".

It is quite an extensive body of data. The numbered texts occupy 2 Mb of hard disk memory for 76 text-only files. 0 to handle it by introducing thematic codes on stretches of text that can later be recovered in a reasonably convenient way. In my analysis I have used all these types of data in different ways. To analyze face-to-face encounters, for instance, I used fieldnotes, my own How I did the fieldwork 25 memories, recordings and participants' reports if they appeared to be reasonably reliable in the context.

E. ). 2. Linguistic forms become bound up with the meanings expressed in the contexts where they are used. Bakhtin claims that "form and content in discourse are one, once we understand that verbal discourse is a social phenomenon" (1981: 259). : 293), thus producing a synthesis of form, meaning and context which leads to the formation of speech genres. ) (Bakhtin 1986: 60). According to Bakhtin, we master a very large array of speech genres such as greetings, farewells, congratulations, informative genres and so on.

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