By Ellen Siever, Stephen Figgins, Aaron Weber
During the last few years, Linux has grown either as an working process and a device for private and company use. at the same time changing into extra consumer pleasant and extra robust as a back-end process, Linux has completed new plateaus: the more moderen filesystems have solidified, new instructions and instruments have seemed and turn into usual, and the desktop--including new machine environments--have proved to be conceivable, solid, and simply obtainable to even those that do not give some thought to themselves machine experts. even if you are utilizing Linux for private software program initiatives, for a small workplace or domestic workplace (often termed the SOHO environment), to supply companies to a small crew of co-workers, or to manage a domain accountable for hundreds of thousands of e-mail and internet connections on a daily basis, you wish easy access to info on quite a lot of instruments. This ebook covers all points of administering and making powerful use of Linux structures. between its subject matters are booting, package deal administration, and revision keep an eye on. yet prime in Linux in a Nutshell are the utilities and instructions that make Linux the most robust and versatile structures on hand. Now in its 5th version, Linux in a Nutshell brings clients up to date with the present country of Linux. thought of via many to be the main entire and authoritative command reference for Linux on hand, the e-book covers all gigantic person, programming, management, and networking instructions for the most typical Linux distributions. finished yet concise, the 5th version has been up to date to hide new beneficial properties of significant Linux distributions. Configuration info for the speedily turning out to be advertisement community prone and group replace prone is without doubt one of the topics coated for the 1st time. yet that is only the start. The ebook covers editors, shells, and LILO and GRUB boot thoughts. there is additionally assurance of Apache, Samba, Postfix, sendmail, CVS, Subversion, Emacs, vi, sed, gawk, and lots more and plenty extra. every little thing that approach directors, builders, and tool clients want to know approximately Linux is referenced the following, and they'll flip to this ebook many times.
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Additional resources for Linux in a Nutshell
Man Get information on a command. nice Reduce a job's priority. nohup Launch a command that will continue to run after logging out. openvt Run a program on the next available virtual terminal. passwd Set your login password. script Produce a transcript of your login session. su Become a different user, often the superuser. sudo Execute an authorized command as root or another user. tee Simultaneously store output in file and send to screen. time Time the execution of a command. wall Send a message to all terminals.
Updatedb Update the locate database. whereis Find command. which Print pathname of a command. Shell Programming Command Action basename Remove leading directory components from a path. echo Repeat command-line arguments on the output. envsubst Substitute the value of environment variables into strings. expr Perform arithmetic and comparisons. mktemp Generate temporary filename and create the file. printf Format and print command-line arguments. sleep Pause during processing. test Test a condition.
Showmount List exported directories on a remote host. swapoff Cease using device for swapping. swapon Begin using device for swapping. sync Write filesystem buffers to disk. tune2fs Manage an ext2 filesystem. umount Unmount a filesystem. warnquota Mail disk usage warnings to users. Managing the Kernel Command Action depmod Create module dependency listing. lsmod List kernel modules. modinfo Print kernel module information. modprobe Load and remove a module and its dependent modules. sysctl Examine or modify kernel parameters at runtime.