By Bryan McDonald, Visit Amazon's Richard Anthony Matthew Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Richard Anthony Matthew, , Kenneth R. Rutherford
A powerful array of activists, students, executive officers, newshounds, and landmine sufferers themselves are accumulated the following to inform the dramatic and encouraging tale of the overseas crusade to prohibit Landmines (ICBL). prepared within the early Nineties, the ICBL is a community of multiple thousand nongovernmental agencies around the world, operating for an international ban on landmines. It was once an enormous strength in the back of the treaty to prohibit antipersonnel landmines that used to be signed in Ottawa in 1997, and which ended in its being offered the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize, besides its coordinator.
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Extra resources for Landmines and human security: international politics and war's hidden legacy
What can we learn from the mine ban movement about the requirements for effective transnational efforts? To begin to answer these questions, we need a comprehensive, multiperspectival analysis of the mine ban movement. How did it happen? Was it exceptional? What lessons can be learned from it? What has 10 Richard A. Matthew its impact been? This volume is designed to answer the specific questions, and formulate some tentative answers to the more general ones. Against this background, the volume has three explicit objectives.
Instead of being relegated to the margins of discussion and negotiation, as so often happens in world affairs, they were welcomed into the center of activity, and their views and concerns were taken seriously. Not only has this led to significant progress in demining, mine awareness, and victim assistance in the developing world, but as countries in the South have come to realize the depth of multilateral commitment it has strengthened democratic practices, empowered NGOs and civil society, improved human security, and convinced many of the enormous value of international cooperation.
In May 1993, the first NGO International Conference on Landmines was held in London to discuss the creation of a campaign to ban landmines. At that meeting, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines was formed. Handicap International, Human Rights Watch, Medico International, the Mines Advisory Group, Physicians for Human Rights, and the Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation were selected to form the steering committee of the ICBL, and the VVAF was chosen to coordinate the campaign. 13 Throughout the summer of 1993, American, British, and New Zealand NGOs met to coordinate work on mine ban campaigns in their countries.