King Philip's War: civil war in New England, 1675-1676 by James D. Drake

By James D. Drake

Occasionally defined as "America's deadliest war," King Philip's battle proved a severe turning aspect within the background of recent England, leaving English colonists decisively in charge of the area on the price of local peoples. even if routinely understood as an inevitable conflict of cultures or as a vintage instance of clash at the frontier among Indians and whites, within the view of James D. Drake it used to be neither. in its place, he argues, King Philip's conflict used to be a civil warfare, whose divisions reduce throughout ethnic traces and tore aside a society composed of English colonizers and local americans alike. in accordance with Drake, the interdependence that constructed among English and Indian within the years prime as much as the warfare is helping clarify its infamous brutality. Believing they have been facing an inner uprising and consequently with an act of treason, the colonists and their local allies frequently meted out harsh punishments. the result was once not anything lower than the decimation of recent England's indigenous peoples and the resultant social, political, and cultural reorganization of the area. in brief, via waging battle between themselves, the English and Indians of latest England destroyed the realm that they had developed jointly. instead a brand new society emerged, one within which local peoples have been marginalized and the tradition of the hot England approach receded into the prior.

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Designed by Dennis Anderson Set in Dante by Graphic Composition, Inc.  Drake.  cm.  ) and index.  paper).  Series. 2'4dc21 99-35539 CIP British Library Cataloguing in Publication data are available. Page v Contents Introduction 1 1 Chiefs and Followers 16 2 Peace 35 3 Symbol of a Failed Strategy 57 4 Fault Lines 75 5 "Barbarous Inhumane Outrages" 109 6 Victory and Defeat 140 7 Legacies 168 Conclusion 197 Notes 203 Acknowledgments 249 Index 251 Page vii Note on the Text To avoid confusion, dates in this study have been rendered in the modern Gregorian calendar.

The New England that erupted into violent conflict in 1675 had been built by the conscious interweaving of English and Indian polities by individuals hoping to preserve their identities in a rapidly changing world. This entailed creating strong links between peoples of diverse backgrounds. By 1675 many Indians and English people had tried to merge their futures and needed one another for their communities to persist. An analogy from chemistry might help illustrate this point, keeping in mind, of course, that this is a study of people and not a physical science.

14 Both sides suffered from muddled convictions and uncertainties about the war's boundaries and divisions. In this confusion the English turned to writing, almost as therapy, to render the conflict comprehensible and justifiable. Their texts simplified the war by bifurcating the society along ethnic lines and invoking the idea of inevitable progress. Of course, most histories of the conflict were written with the benefit of hindsight and failed to capture the confusion and uncertainty felt by colonists and their Indian allies when rebel attacks struck like hammer blows for months on end.

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