Jute Geotextiles and their Applications in Civil Engineering by Tapobrata Sanyal

By Tapobrata Sanyal

This publication offers a first-of-its-kind exposition at the rising expertise of jute fiber geotextiles. The publication covers the features of jute fiber and jute yarns, varieties and services of jute geotextiles, and the mechanism of regulate of surficial soil with jute geotextiles. The content material additionally comprises functions comparable to the mechanisms of functioning of jute geotextiles in strengthening street sub-grade and controlling river financial institution erosion, stabilization of earthen embankments, administration of payment of railway tracks, and consolidation of sentimental soil through use of pre-fabricated vertical jute drains (PVJD). Geotextile criteria, houses and try tools, editions of jute geotextiles, least expensive and environmental benefits in several functions are lined besides a number of case reports. A bankruptcy on soil fundamentals is incorporated to permit clearer knowing of soil mechanisms. The publication can be utilized as a reference paintings or as basic or helping textual content for graduate coursework. it is going to additionally turn out important to researchers and working towards engineers trying to find a accomplished treatise on jute geotextiles.

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Additional resources for Jute Geotextiles and their Applications in Civil Engineering

Sample text

With intrusion of man-made fiber, monopoly of jute sacks has been on the wane and jute industry has been desperately on the lookout for new avenues for survival. JGT if aggressively promoted could be a viable alternative. Special features of jute fiber have been gainfully utilized in development of JGT matching its man-made counterpart technically in all its features except, of course, durability and tensile strength. Synthetic geotextile is a proven engineering material, but its nonbiodegradability and long life tend to pose apprehensions as to its eco-compatibility.

A) Apparent opening size (AOS)—also called equivalent opening size (EOS) It denotes the pore size of a JGT which retains a percentage of the largest particle of a soil mass. Designated as On implying that the fabric will retain n% of the particle of the indicated diameter in a particular soil mass. , weft direction of a fabric. , the warp direction of a fabric (f) Permittivity (y) The quotient of the coefficient of hydraulic conductivity (also known as the coefficient of permeability) and JGT—thickness.

Large extensions are produced by relatively low increase in stress. 5. Rupture It is a measure of toughness of a material. cm. 6. Tenacity Ultimate tensile strength of a yarn/fiber is defined as tenacity. Expressed as mn/tex (force per unit area of an unstrained specimen). 7. Creep Creep is time-related deformation of a material due to application of continuing constant force. 8. Secant modulus Elastic or quasi-elastic modulus derived from a nonlinear stress-strain curve by taking the ratio of the stress to the strain at a particular point on the curve.

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