Islamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present: by Seyyed Hossein Nasr

By Seyyed Hossein Nasr

Islamic Philosophy from Its beginning to the current deals a entire assessment of Islamic philosophy from the 9th century to the current day. As Seyyed Hossein Nasr attests, inside this practice, philosophizing is completed in an international during which prophecy is the primary fact of life—a truth similar not just to the nation-states of motion and ethics but additionally to the area of information. Comparisons with Jewish and Christian philosophies spotlight the relation among cause and revelation, that's, philosophy and faith. Nasr provides Islamic philosophy with regards to the Islamic culture as an entire, yet continuously treats this philosophy as philosophy, no longer easily as highbrow heritage. as well as chapters facing the overall ancient improvement of Islamic philosophy, a number of chapters are dedicated to later and usually unknown philosophers. The paintings additionally will pay specific recognition to the Persian culture. Nasr stresses that the Islamic culture is a dwelling culture with value for the modern Islamic international and its dating with the West. In offering this seminal advent to a practice little-understood within the West, Nasr additionally exhibits readers that Islamic philosophy has a lot to provide the modern global as an entire.

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This characteristic is a profound aspect of the medieval world and of traditional civilizations in general, which must be taken into full consideration in the present discussion. But if we stand “outside” of these worlds and study them in comparison with the secular modern world or with other sacred civilizations, then in the same way that we can call Chartres “Christian architecture” and St. ” In all honesty and taking into consideration the long tradition and the still living character of Islamic philosophy we cannot refuse to recognize the reality of this distinct type of traditional philosophy as being just as closely allied to the structure of Islam, and just as closely related to a particular dimension of it, as other traditional philosophies such as the Hindu or Neo-Confucian are related to the tradition in whose bosoms they have been cultivated.

23 With Suhraward¥ and the ishråq¥ school, the close rapport between philosophy and religion or more precisely between philosophy as an aspect of the inner dimension of revealed truth and the ascetic and spiritual practices related to religious discipline, which in Islam are connected with Sufism and also Shi‘ite gnosis, becomes fully established. ”25 After him philosophy and spiritual realization became for the most part wedded except among those who followed only the Peripatetic school, and al-÷ikmat al-ilåhiyyah became, especially in Persia and other eastern lands of Islam, the bridge between the formal religious sciences and the verities of pure gnosis.

26 Translated into Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu, Bengali, and many other languages, it remains to this day a text studied in many Islamic as well as Western universities and represents an interaction between the living Islamic intellectual tradition and Western scholarship on the subject of the history of Islamic philosophy. Meanwhile, the government of Pakistan had created a center under the direction of Mian Mu±ammad Shar¥f to compile a major history of Islamic philosophy in which scholars from East and West would collaborate.

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