Islamic Mathematical Astronomy by David A. King

By David A. King

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51) and Nallino [1], II, 78-83 (cf. Kennedy [1], no. 55). On al-Battani’s tables see also Toomer [1], 58. 5. Cf. Kennedy-Salam [1], 496-497 for an analysis. 6. Cf. Jensen [1] and Kennedy [1], no. 3. 7. Cf. Tichenor [1] and Kennedy [1], no. 20. 8. Cf. Kennedy [1], no. 81. 9. On Ibn al-Majdi see Suter [1], no. 432; Brockelmann [1], II, 153-155 and SII, 158-159; Kennedy [1], no. 36; and Azzawi [1], 179-184. 10. On al-$ufl see Suter [1], no. 447 and Kennedy [1], no. 37. 1 have examined the tables in MS Princeton Yahuda 3262, a work entitled Sullam al-manara, in which the equation is tabulated as a function o f 2r| and y for each 6° interval o f 2t| and each 1®o f y.

1;0, and are computed to three sexagesimal digits. Thus the table contains nearly 11,000 entries, the computation o f which is as simple as it is te­ dious. The table is entitled al-tacdil al-musahhah, “ true (lunar) equation” , and the vertical argument is labelled daqa’iq al-saff al-thani, “ minutes o f the second column” , that is, cz. A t the head o f each column are marked the arguments y' and (360°-y')» and the units o f the entries are indicated by the standard abbreviations j, q, y for daraj, daqa’iq and thawani, that is, degrees, minutes and seconds.

Kennedy - Salam [1], 495-496. 28. Cf. Kennedy [IJ, no. 47; King [IJ, 44-45; and Wiedemann [1], 189/266. 29. A grant for computer time from the Yale University Department o f Near Eastern Languages and Literatures is gratefully acknowledged. 30. 1 have not been able to consult MS Cairo Dar al-Kutub, miqat 131, o f Ibn al-Majdi’s work. 31. In discussing another method o f computing the lunar position (fol. 85r o f the Paris manuscript), Ibn al-Majdi refers to some lunar tables computed by an individual named Hasan Shah al-Baghdadi.

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