Introducing Arguments by Liina Pylkkänen

By Liina Pylkkänen

A compositional idea of verbal argument constitution that explores how "noncore" arguments are brought into argument buildings and examines cross-linguistic edition in introducing arguments.

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80) La profesora le considero´ la respuesta va´lida. ’ Thus, low applicatives are banned from combining with small clause subjects, except when the language allows a static possessor reading for the low applicative. If resultatives are small clauses, then we would expect Spanish low applicatives to combine not just with small clauses but also with resultatives. Unfortunately, this prediction cannot be tested, since Spanish notoriously lacks resultatives, as witnessed by the ungrammaticality of (81), for example.

Taroo-ga Hanako-ni hadaka-de hon-o yonda. 2 as a language in which the double object construction patterns as low. Unfortunately, Korean does not have depictive secondary predicates (Cormack and Smith 1999), and hence the prediction regarding depictives cannot be tested in Korean. (41) No depictives a. only dancing-acc chu-chiman, ku-uy saengilnal-enun (chum-ul) onjeonha-key dance-but his-poss birthday-on sober-key chu-ess-ta. ’ (Cormack and Smith 1999, (43)) b. *Object depictive *John-i mwulkoki-lul sinsenha-key mek-ess-ta.

If the language has a depictive secondary predicate with the English distribution, is the applied argument available for depictive modification? Yes No c. Depictive cannot modify implicit external argument *Keku u poq i lodhur. ’ d. Depictive can modify DP inside PP Drita poqi per Agimin e lodhur. ’ Unsurprisingly, Albanian depictives can also modify high applied arguments, but since they can also modify the PP version of the high applicative as in (46e), the test is irrelevant. (47) Depictive can modify high applied argument Drita i poqi Agimit te¨ lodhur.

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