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Additional resources for International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Twelve-Volume Set: Volume 5
California State University, Long Beach, CA, USA R Grant University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA Contributors M Gren Ho´lar University College, Sauja´rkro´kur, Iceland L Mu University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA J Gutie´rrez Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain D Mustafa King’s College London, London, UK T Hall University of Gloucestershire, Cheltenham, UK A Nightingale University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK M Henry Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand G Norcliffe York University, Toronto, ON, Canada J Hine University of Ulster, Newtownabbey, UK K O’Connor University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia J-Y Hsu National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan J O’Loughlin University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA S Huang National University of Singapore, Singapore K Olds University of Wisconsin – Madison, Madison, WI, USA P J Hugill Texas A & M University, College Station, TX, USA P F Kelly York University, Toronto, ON, Canada A Kent University of Manchester, Manchester, UK R D Knowles University of Salford, Greater Manchester, UK M Kurtz Open University, Ottawa, ON, Canada D Ley University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada R Lippuner Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Jena, Germany S Lloyd-Evans University of Reading, Reading, UK B P Y Loo University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China A Mace University of Westminster, London, UK T Marsden Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK C McEwan Durham University, Durham, UK Nick Megoran University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK xxxiii D T Ory Federal Transit Administration, Washington, DC, USA U F Paleo University of Extremadura, Caceres, Spain R Phillips University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK D Pinder Queen Mary, University of London, London, UK J P H Poon University at Buffalo – SUNY, Buffalo, NY, USA R B Potter University of Reading, Reading, UK J M Powell Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia M Power University of Durham, Durham, UK J Preston University of Southampton, Southampton, UK G M Robinson Kingston University, Kingston upon Thames, UK J Round University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK T Schwanen Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands J P Sharp University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK G Mohan The Open University – Milton Keynes, UK S-L Shaw The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA P L Mokhtarian University of California – Davis, Davis, CA, USA M Sheller Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA, USA xxxiv Contributors F M Smith University of Dundee, Dundee, UK J M Smith Texas A & M University, College Station, TX, USA R G Smith Swansea University, Swansea, UK C von Schilling University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, BC, Canada B Warf Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA B Werlen Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Jena, Germany D Straussfogel Pennsylvania State University, DuBois, PA, USA U Strohmayer National University of Ireland, Galway, Republic of Ireland P White University of Westminster, London, UK M Whitehead Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, UK A Sturt University of Westminster, London, UK D Thien California State University, Long Beach, CA, USA D Wilson University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA D J Unwin University College London, London, UK J Zhang University of Minnesota, Tacoma, WA, USA VOLUME 12 Fiona Allon Centre for Cultural Research, University of Western Sydney, Australia S Batterbury University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia M Batty University College London, London, UK D Bell University of Leeds, Leeds, UK G Bridge University of Bristol, Bristol, UK G Brown University of Leicester, Leicester, UK A Buttimer University College Dublin, Dublin, Republic of Ireland M Davidson University of Western Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia B Derudder Ghent University, Gent, Belgium J Dodson Grifﬁth University, Brisbane, QLD, Australia B Gleeson Grifﬁth University, Brisbane, QLD, Australia M F Goodchild University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA K H Halfacree Swansea University, Swansea, UK M G Hatvany Universite´ Laval, Quebec City, QC, Canada J Byrne Grifﬁth University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia C Haylett University of Manchester, Manchester, UK B Christophers The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand L Holt University of Reading, Reading, UK G P Clarke University of Leeds, Leeds, UK J Horton University of Northampton, Northampton, UK A Cochrane The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK R Hudson Durham University, UK D Conradson University of Southampton, Southampton, UK M Jayne University of Manchester, Manchester, UK G Crow University of Southampton, Southampton, UK N C Johnson Queen’s University, Belfast, Northern Ireland Contributors D Kay Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, UK C Milligan Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK I M Keighren University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK M Pavlovskaya Hunter College – CUNY, New York, NY, USA P Knox Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA L Peake York University, Toronto, ON, Canada P Kraftl University of Leicester, Leicester, UK D Kunze Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA M Lauria Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA R Lee Queen Mary, University of London, London, UK K D Lilley Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast, UK F MacDonald University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia S C MacKian Open University, Milton Keynes, UK V Mamadouh University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands xxxv C Philo University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK G M Robinson Kingston University, Kingston upon Thames, UK S Rodgers The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK T R Slater University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK E Street King’s College London, London, UK K Terlouw Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands C R Warren University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK M Watson University of Shefﬁeld, Shefﬁeld, UK R K Whelan University of Texas, Arlington, TX, USA C Mason University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK B Wisner Benﬁeld UCL Hazard Research Centre, London, UK G Mercier Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada J Wolch University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA CONTENTS Senior Editors v Section Editors vii Guide to use of the Encyclopedia ix Contributors xi Contents xxxvii Subject Classiﬁcation lxiii Foreword by Mary Robinson lxxv Foreword by Rob Kitchin lxxvii VOLUME 1 A Activism L M Takahashi Activist Geographies 1 P Routledge Actor-Network Theory/Network Geographies 7 G T Jo´hannesson and J O Bærenholdt 15 Affect J D Dewsbury 20 Africa G A Myers 25 Ageing and Health G J Andrews 31 A M Warnes 36 Ageing and Mobility Ageism and Age Agglomeration Agoraphobia L Maxey 42 A Malmberg 48 J Davidson Agrarian Transformations 54 J Renes Agricultural Land Preservation Agriculture, Sustainable K B Beesley and D Ramsey T Marsden Agri-Environmentalism and Rural Change Aid 58 70 C Potter 79 V Desai 84 Ame´nagement du Territoire: Territorial Development Americas P Merlin R B Kent and K A Butler Anarchism/Anarchist Geography C Wilbert Animal Welfare, Agricultural H Buller 91 99 M M Breitbart Anglo-American/Anglophone Hegemony Animal Geographies 65 M B Aalbers and U Rossi 108 116 122 127 xxxvii xxxviii Contents Antarctica S Chaturvedi 133 Anthropogeography (After Ratzel) J Lossau Anthropology and Human Geography Anti-Geopolitics U Oslender Anti-Urbanism Applied Geography 159 J Battersby-Lennard M Pacione 179 M Kurtz and A Watson Art and Cartography 184 C D’Ignazio Artiﬁcial Intelligence and Expert Systems Asia 190 Y Leung T Oakes Atlases 225 M Purcell Autoethnography 234 K Besio Auto-Photography 240 M E Thomas Avant-Garde/Avant-Garde Geographies Aviation 220 C Gibson Autobiography 207 214 J Siemer and H Asche Australasia 167 174 M Kurtz Arctic 148 152 T Slater Apartheid/Post-Apartheid Archives K W Butzer 140 244 J D Dewsbury 252 T M Vowles 257 V Rey and O Groza 265 B Balkans Barnes, T.
Y Leung J E Castro 271 277 283 Contents xlv G Gardens and Gardening Garrison, W. David Crouch R Morrill 294 Gated Communities/Privatopias Gay Geographies R Atkinson and S Blandy V Miller Gender and Health Gender in the City 302 309 J Little 315 Linda Peake Gender, Historical Geographies of Genealogy and Family History Generalization L Price 328 S M Otterstrom 334 341 W A Mackaness and O Z Chaudhry E Hall Gentriﬁcation 345 355 D J Hammel Gentriﬁcation, Rural 360 M Phillips Geocomputation 368 M Birkin Geodemographics Geodesy 320 ´ Crowley U Genealogy Method 297 J Wiles Gender and Rurality Genetics 289 376 M Birkin and G P Clarke 382 J Hessler 390 Geographical Journals L D Berg 394 Geographical Masking G Rushton 402 Geographically Weighted Regression Geography, History of A Pa´ez and D C Wheeler A Maddrell 407 415 Geohistory P Claval 429 Geomatics M Duckham, A Kealy, and J Wallace 435 Geopolitics P Reuber 441 Geopolitics and Religion G Dijkink 453 X Yao 458 K C Clarke 466 Georeferencing, Geocoding Geospatial Intelligence Geovisualization M J Kraak 468 German-Language Geography Gerrymandering Ghettos M Hess 481 R Morrill 486 T Slater 492 GIS and Cartography GIS and Society M F Goodchild 500 T Nyerges 506 GIS, Mobile and Locational Based Services J Raper 513 GIS, Public Participation S Elwood 520 GIScience and Systems M F Goodchild 526 Global Commodity Chains Global Positioning/GPS Global Production Networks L van Grunsven 539 J Lee 548 N M Coe Globalization and Transnational Corporations 556 P Dicken 563 xlvi Contents Globalization, Cultural K N Rankin Globalization, Economic 570 H W-c Yeung 581 Golledge, R.
Sauer, C. Scale 1 M A de Souza M Williams 15 N F Sayre and A V Di Vittorio Scale Analytical Scientiﬁc Method 19 T W Crawford Science and Scientism, Cartography Scott, A. 11 R Flowerdew C Gibson 29 D Turnbull 37 43 46 Contents Second Homes M Haldrup Second World Segregation lvii 50 J Oldﬁeld 56 M F Poulsen 63 Segregation Indices D W Wong 70 Segregation, Urban R Atkinson and J McGarrigle 76 Selection Bias T J Cooke 81 Self-Other D Sibley 85 Semiotics K E Foote and M Azaryahu 89 Sense of Place K E Foote and M Azaryahu Sensorium D McCormack Services, Professional Services, Rural Sexuality 101 A James 106 A C Vias 112 P Howell Shift-Share Analysis Simulation 119 R W Jackson and K E Haynes S M Manson A Kobayashi 138 D Pinder 144 Situationism/Situationist Geography Slums Q Stevens 151 R Harris Smith, N.