Input and Evidence: The Raw Material of Second Language by Susanne Elizabeth Carroll

By Susanne Elizabeth Carroll

This name makes a speciality of the various concerns surrounding moment language acquisition, from estate and transition theories, to representational and developmental difficulties of language acquisition.

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This points to a standard problem that psycholinguists face, namely defining the object of study. No one can have intuitions about the “English language” because no one speaks that. Rather, each of us speaks a particular variety of it. A more cautious approach to grammatical description would see grammarians limiting their claims to the specific varieties which they do speak, and buttressing broader generalisations with facts drawn from corpus analysis. To the extent that ESL subjects are learning their English in an American context, relying on such descriptions may not be a problem for psycholinguists, if the language of the community happens to match the descriptions provided in the literature.

B: [katalo˜g® ] nicht [katal"g], we don’t have ["]. It’s so easy. A: Yes, but is it [flanz6nkatal"g]/[katalog] B: /[katalo˜k] … yes A: I mean is it plural in this sort of compound or what? 4) wanted to know what the correct form was of the German version of plant catalogue. g. 21 This raised the possibility that German compounding might follow either the British model or the American one. Her initial question was designed to confirm that German compounding follows the British model. The learner was thus attempting to elicit feedback about morphological structure.

In the theory of acquisition to be elaborated in this book, novel encoding of information is triggered by on-line events related to the processing of a speech stimulus. In particular, I want to claim that the novel encoding of information occurs when parsing fails. Input to the parsers is therefore necessarily different from input to the acquisition mechanisms and we must be clear about which one researchers are referring to. QUESTIONS, PROBLEMS, AND DEFINITIONS Input types Processing mechanisms Auditory nerve fibres Linguistic stimuli ?

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