Individualization: Institutionalized Individualism and its by Ulrich Beck, Elisabeth Beck-Gernsheim

By Ulrich Beck, Elisabeth Beck-Gernsheim

Individualization argues that we're in the middle of a basic swap within the nature of society and politics. this alteration hinges round techniques: globalization and individualization. The e-book demonstrates that individualization is a structural attribute of hugely differentiated societies, and doesn't imperil social unity, yet really makes it attainable. Ulrich Beck and Elisabeth Beck-Gernsheim argue that it can be crucial to tell apart among the neo-liberal concept of the free-market person and the concept that of individualization. the result's the main entire dialogue of individualization at the moment to be had, exhibiting how individualization pertains to easy social rights and in addition paid employment; and concluding that during

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Extra info for Individualization: Institutionalized Individualism and its Social and Political Consequences (Published in association with Theory, Culture & Society)

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1992) Ehescheidung in Deutschland im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag. Bock, G. and Duden, B. (1977) ‘Arbeit aus Liebe – Liebe als Arbeit’, in Frauen und Wissenschaft. Beiträge zur Berliner Sommeruniversität für Frauen, July 1986. Berlin: Courage Verlag. pp. 118–99. Bolte, K. M. (1983) ‘Subjektorientierte Soziologie – Plädoyer für eine Forschungsperspektive’, in K. M. Bolte and E. Treutner (eds), Subjektorientierte Arbeits- und Berufssoziologie. : Campus. pp. 12–36.

Both standpoints are founded on the structure of social action, which can be analysed either in terms of the agents or in terms of the social structure. However, that both standpoints are equally possible, equally necessary or equally original does not mean that they are equally valuable or have equal rights; still less does it mean that they are identical. Rather, each of these viewpoints relativizes, criticizes the other (subtly, but with abundant consequences): anyone who analyses society from the standpoint of the individual does not accept its form at a particular time as a preordained, unalterable datum, but calls it into question.

Looking more closely, we find that another feature of the guidelines of modernity is that they act against, rather than for, family cohesion. Most of the rights and entitlements to support by the welfare state are designed for individuals rather than for families. In many cases they presuppose employment (or, in the case of the unemployed, willingness to work). Employment in turn implies education and both of these presuppose mobility or willingness to move. By all these requirements individuals are not so much compelled as peremptorily invited to constitute themselves as individuals: to plan, understand, design themselves and act as individuals – or, should they ‘fail’, to lie as individuals 3 Individualization on the bed they have made for themselves.

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