Indians of the southeastern United States in the late 20th by J. Anthony Paredes

By J. Anthony Paredes

Writing round a typical set of subject matters, Paredes and his colleagues survey American Indian groups nonetheless surviving within the southeastern usa a few 450 years after first touch with Europeans. regardless of concerted govt efforts within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to take away them, dozens of groups that may be defined as "American Indian" live to tell the tale - from Virginia to Florida, from the Atlantic seaboard to the Louisiana bayous. even if many were studied ethnographically over the last century, this quantity is the 1st complete, scholarly paintings delivering co-ordinated descriptions of those southeastern Indian groups as they close to the shut of the twentieth century. North American Indians, even supposing a lot replaced, usually are not a "vanishing race" yet are thriving - certainly, even if culturally conservative or nearly entirely acculturated, it's of their very modernization that the Indian groups of the South such a lot dramatically occur their sturdy ability for detailed endurance. Contibutors comprise - Helen C. Rountree, Sharlotte Neely, Patricia Barker Lerch, Wesley DuRant Tauchiray, Alice Bee Kasakoff, Gene Joseph Crediford, Harry A. Kersey, Jr., J. Anthony Paredes, John H. Peterson, Jr., Hiram F. Gregory and George Roth.

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The two reservations have also had problems with fishing rights and claims upon their boundaries throughout the twentieth century. The fishing rights are those of fishing without licenses being required, an interpretation of the still-current Treaty of Middle Plantation (1677) that was formally upheld in the Code of Virginia of 1950. The boundary disputes have been both with neighboring individuals and with the Chesapeake Corporation, a large paper company in the county, and they continue to arise because neither reservation has ever been officially surveyed.

The Pamunkey got a state-supported school by 1890, the Mattaponi a separate one in about 1919. The Chickahominy managed a school before 1910 but the county did not support it until 1922 (when the Eastern Chickahominy fissioned off, they set up a school of their own); the Upper Mattaponi Indians managed to get a county-supported school in the late 1800s and again in 1917, the Nansemond in 1890 for a few years and again in 1922. The Amherst Indians attended a church-provided school staffed by a teacher paid by the county, while the Rappahannocks could get no one of their three counties to provide them with a school until the 1950s, when they had to donate the building themselves.

The Pamunkey got a state-supported school by 1890, the Mattaponi a separate one in about 1919. The Chickahominy managed a school before 1910 but the county did not support it until 1922 (when the Eastern Chickahominy fissioned off, they set up a school of their own); the Upper Mattaponi Indians managed to get a county-supported school in the late 1800s and again in 1917, the Nansemond in 1890 for a few years and again in 1922. The Amherst Indians attended a church-provided school staffed by a teacher paid by the county, while the Rappahannocks could get no one of their three counties to provide them with a school until the 1950s, when they had to donate the building themselves.

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