By Hans-Heiri Stapfer
IL-2 Stormovik in motion КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ IL-2 Stormovik in motion (Aircraft quantity 155)ByHans-Heiri StapferPublisher:Squadron/Signal guides Inc.1995 52PagesISBN: 0897473418PDF12 MBIn Ihc Soviet Union a bulky, gradual, yet seriously armed and armored floor assault aircraft, which was once particular in lots of respects, grew to become essentially the most decisive guns within the stock of the pink Army.The Stormovik attack plane, as Sergej V. Ilyushin's 11-2 used to be commonly known as, proved to be precisely what the purple military had to aid their flooring forces opposed to the invading Germans, from the summer time of 1941 to ultimate victory in Berlin on nine might 1945.The 11-2 Stormovik used to be via a long way probably the most effective guns within the Voyenno-Vozdushnyye Sily (Red Air Force). The Stormovik quickly grew to become a nightmare for enemy tanks, motorcars, artillery and infantry. The Germans quite often noted the 11-2 because the Schwarzer Tod (Black Death). II-2 pilots flew wrestle sorties at very low degrees, flying at altitudes of among thirty and 6,000 ft, armed with quite a few guns, together with computing device weapons, cannon, bombs and rockets.A dramatic wartime telegram from the Soviet dictator. Iosif Stalin, to the producing plant, mirrored the nice significance this plane kind had in his view. "The pink military wishes the 11-2 because it wishes air and bread. i beg you to supply extra Ilyushins."sharingmatrix letitbit zero
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We have assumed that the interaction force is zero for intermolecular distances larger than (J; it is known, however, that the interaction force between a pair of molecules is different from zero at any distance, being, in general, strongly repulsive at short distances and weakly attractive for large separations. We have neglected this weakly attractive part, as is justified for ideal gases; accordingly, we could define the molecular diameter (J as the distance at which repulsion changes into attraction.
II We have thus obtained four different expressions for the same quantity: Eqs. 13). We can now obtain more expressions by taking linear combinations of the four basic ones; we are particularly interested in the combination which is obtained by adding the above four expressions and dividing by four. 15) E x (cp cp~)B(e, V) d~ d~l d£ de This equation expresses a basic property of the collision term, which will be frequently used in the following. In the particular case of g = 1, Eq. 16) We now observe that the integral appearing in Eq.
How will this second part manifest itself in a macroscopic description? If we take a fixed region of the gas and observe the change of momentum inside it, we shall find that (in the absence of external body forces) the changes can only in part be attributed to the matter which enters and leaves the region, leaving a second part which has no macroscopic explanation unless we admit that the contiguous regions of the gas exert a force on the region of interest, which is thus subject to stresses. 8) (a complete identification is correctly justified by the fact that, as we shall see later, Pij plays, in the macroscopic equations to be derived from the Boltzmann equation, the same role as the stress tensor in the conservation equations derived from macroscopic considerations).