By S. Neil MacFarlane
How did the person person develop into the focal point of the modern discourse on safety? What was once the function of the United international locations in "securing" the person? What are the payoffs and prices of this extension of the idea that? Neil MacFarlane and Yuen Foong Khong take on those questions by means of reading ancient and modern debates approximately what's to be secured. From Westphalia in the course of the nineteenth century, the state’s declare to be the item of protection used to be sustainable since it provided its matters a few degree of safeguard. The state’s skill to supply safety for its electorate got here below heavy pressure within the twentieth century because of technological, strategic, and ideological options. through the tip of global warfare II, efforts to reclaim the safety rights of people amassed velocity, as noticeable within the common statement of Human Rights and a bunch of United countries covenants and conventions. MacFarlane and Khong spotlight the UN’s paintings in selling human safeguard principles because the Forties, giving targeted emphasis to its position in extending the thought of safety to incorporate improvement, monetary, environmental, and different concerns within the 1990s.
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Additional resources for Human Security And the UN: A Critical History (United Nations Intellectual History Project)
This said, insight on these subjects can also be gleaned from non-European thinkers from Kautilya and Confucius onward. In examining the historical and normative origins of the concepts of state security and then national security, we acknowledge the risk of projecting contemporary concepts back into historical periods where they did not exist. This is a problem with all three of the constituent terms in play here. 5 This is less of a problem for us than it is for theorists of the state. For our purposes, when we discuss the state, we mean hierarchically organized political communities with varying degrees of autonomy and empirical sovereignty.
For our purposes, when we discuss the state, we mean hierarchically organized political communities with varying degrees of autonomy and empirical sovereignty. As for the concept of “national,” nations, as we understand the term, developed in postmedieval, Enlightenment, and post-Enlightenment Europe. The concept was largely alien to the medieval period,6 as were the notions of legitimacy based on the concept. Finally, there was little if any use of the term “security” in analysis of “state” practice in the classical and medieval periods.
In Chapter 7 we assess the conceptual and policy payoffs and the pitfalls associated with the idea of human security. We see some positive gains, but we also point to a number of serious problems. We applaud the rebalancing between state and individual as referents of security. However, we judge the move to extend the domain of what counts as security issues beyond protection from violence to be ill advised. Characterizing economic, environmental, health, and other problems as security issues raises four questions.