By Paul M. Salmon et al.
Read Online or Download Human Factors Methods and Accident Analysis PDF
Best risk management books
Threat Management's maximum failure has been its lack of ability to simplify its real presentation and fix with board and govt staff contributors in a language that they could comprehend and relate to. by utilizing basic good verified instruments, versions at paintings takes readers via a trip that cuts throughout types, frameworks, perform, facts, markets, nations and case reports.
This publication investigates the dynamic intertwinement of legislations and morality, with a spotlight on new and constructing fields of legislation. Taking as its start line the debates and mutual misunderstandings among proponents of alternative philosophical traditions, it argues that this theoretical pluralism is healthier defined as soon as legislations is accredited as an basically ambiguous suggestion.
The publication argues winning financial and banking reform calls for: a rollback of economic nationalism and go back to financial internationalism; belief within the banking approach with its uncomplicated capabilities restored; a stability among pageant and cohesion to be able to guarantee political and social popularity of globalization.
Assembling a excessive profile staff of students and practitioners, this booklet investigates the interaction of forecasting; warnings approximately, and responses to, identified and unknown transnational dangers. It demanding situations traditional money owed of 'failures' of caution and preventive coverage in either the educational literature and public debate.
Additional resources for Human Factors Methods and Accident Analysis
Sequential models, characterised by Heinrich舗s (1931) domino theory accident causation model, view accidents simply as the result of a sequence of linear events, with the last event being the accident itself. Epidemiological models, characterised by Reason舗s 舖Swiss cheese舗 model (although Reason himself disagrees with this, Reason 2008), view accidents much like the spreading of disease (Hollnagel 2004), and describe the combination of latent conditions present in the system for some time and their role in unsafe acts made by operators at the so-called 舖sharp end舗 (Reason 1997; Hollnagel 2004).
Although different in many ways, the most prominent models of accident causation are in agreement on at least one thing; that is, in order to exhaustively describe accidents, the entire complex sociotechnical system should be the unit of the analysis. 1 INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN FACTORS METHODS Many Human Factors methods exist. For the purposes of this book, these can be categorised as follows: 1. Data collection methods. The starting point in any Human Factors analysis, be it for accident analysis, system design or evaluation, involves describing existing or analogous systems via the application of data collection methods (Diaper and Stanton 2004).
Following this, the interviewer uses the cognitive probes in a semi-structured interview format in order to elicit information regarding the cognitive processes employed by the decision maker during the task, incident phase or decision point. It is important to note that the interviewer does not limit themselves to the CDM probes; rather, the approach is flexible in that further open, closed, and probing questions can be asked depending on the analysis requirements. An interview transcript should be recorded by the interviewer and the interview should be recorded using video and/or audio recording equipment.