By Ortho Books
This bestseller indicates the best way to create decks and patios which are destined to turn into outside "living rooms." tips on how to layout and construct Decks and Patios comprises the whole plans for construction outdoors parts to extend and improve your place. Full-color illustrations all through.
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Reating the concept design: Don't expect your first design to be the one you want to develop. and connections between them, views to and from them, and special design considerations such as sequence and separation of public and private spaces. Concentrate on how you will use and move around in the spaces, and on the general physical forms the spaces will assume. There are many ways to develop a concept desig·n. Every designer probably has an individual technique that helps, and there are no best solutions.
After cutting it, make sure it fits , then use it as a pattern to cut the others. As shown on page 50, cut the brace ends flush with the side of the post rather than in a Vangie in order to get more wood on the post. Braces should be attached with lag-screws or bolts rather than nails. Using bolts: Deck loads are carried in two different ways: on the crossgrain as in ledgers, beams and joists, or on the vertical grain as in posts. Bolts on bearers of cross-grain load should normally be spaced no closer to the top of the board than four times the bolt's diameter.
This is standard practice and will make it easier for building inspectors or other people you may call on to orient themselves. Note north somewhere on the plan and the scale you are using (probably l4 inch = 1 foot) . If your deck or patio is to be away from the house, you can use the line of a fence or outbuilding wall as your reference line, and measure subsequent lines off from it. If the deck or patio is to be separate from all other fixed objects, stake off a straight line with nylon string to use as the reference line, and make subsequent measurements from it.