By Alexander Krings
Climbers, comparable to lianas and vines, are very important ingredients of tropical forests and maybe the only most vital physiognomic attribute differentiating tropical from temperate forests, taking place on approximately 50% of wooded area timber in valuable and South the United States. regardless of their frequent dietary and medicinal use, lianas stay poorly understood ecologically.
Tendrillate Climbers bargains accomplished insurance of the entire tendrillate lianas of Costa Rica and many of the tendrillate lianas of vital the US. This special reference provides
- Excellent keys to households and separate keys to genera and species
- State-of-the-art nomenclature and lists of synonymy whilst different medical names were released or used informally
- Each species illustrated through the author’s hand-drawn line paintings
An necessary addition to our figuring out of tropical forests, the publication bargains new info in addition to details introduced jointly from dispersed courses and unpublished lists and stories. In those occasions of habitat fragmentation and species loss, this knowledge is an important contribution to the organic learn that's thriving in imperative the USA, particularly Costa Rica.
Tendrillate Climbers fills a tremendous hole within the botanical literature. Its excessive point of scholarship and entire assurance will astonish the tropical botanists, forestry scientists, ecologists, biologists, and horticulturalists who will wish it as a reference for his or her persevered paintings in this missed team of plants.
Chapter 1 creation (pages 3–8):
Chapter 2 households (pages 9–10):
Chapter three Bignoniaceae (pages 11–36):
Chapter four Cucurbitaceae (pages 37–74):
Chapter five Fabaceae (pages 75–78):
Chapter 6 Loganiaceae (pages 79–86):
Chapter 7 Passifloraceae (pages 87–118):
Chapter eight Polemoniaceae (pages 119–122):
Chapter nine Polygonaceae (pages 123–124):
Chapter 10 Rhamnaceae (pages 125–128):
Chapter eleven Sapindaceae (pages 129–150):
Chapter 12 Smilacaceae (pages 151–160):
Chapter thirteen Vitaceae (pages 161–168):
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Additional resources for Guide to Tendrillate Climbers of Costa Rican Mountains
Distribution. Honduras (single collection), Costa Rica and Panama. In Costa Rica found from 100 to 1,520 m. 7. GENUS FEVILLEA One of our few cucurbitaceous species that may reach the canopy, eFvillea cordifolia is unmistakable. Vegetatively it is recognized by its biﬁd tendrils that curl above and below the bifurcation, and glabrous, unlobed, or very shallowly lobed, cordate leaves.
Langaei, p. 50. 1. E. Jones & Kearns, Novon 4: 373. 1994. 3D. Description. Vine; stems glabrous to pubescent or tomentose (especially at nodes). Leaves typically 5–7-lobate, ovate to orbicular, glabrous to puberulent above on veins, glabrous below, frequently with small glands below near leaf base; tip acute to acuminate; base cordate; margins denticulate to dentate. Tendrils biﬁd. Staminate ﬂowers in panicles or racemes, axillary; calyx to 5 mm wide; calyx lobes to 1 mm long; corolla greenish-white; corolla lobes ovate to lanceolate, to 3 mm long; anthers in a capitate, horizontal ring.
Ser. 4. 12: 160. 1859. 4B. Synonymy. Cyclanthera explodens var. intermedia Cogn. ex Kuntze, Revis. gen. pl. 3: 103. 1898; C. explodens var. triﬁda Cogn. ex Kuntze, Revis. gen. pl. 3: 103. 1898. Description. Vine; stems glabrous to puberulent. Leaves simple, to 10 cm long and wide, ovate to suborbicular, somewhat pustulate above and below, frequently puberulent along the veins; tip acute; base cordate; margins denticulate. Tendrils biﬁd, curling only above the bifurcation. Staminate ﬂowers frequently in racemes, axillary; calyx shallowly cupshaped, less than 2 mm wide; calyx lobes obsolete; corolla white; corolla lobes more or less lanceolate, papillose internally, glabrous externally; anthers in a capitate, horizontal ring.