By Alessandro Carlucci
Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937) is among the such a lot translated Italian authors of all time. After the second one international conflict his suggestion turned more and more influential, and remained correct in the course of the moment 1/2 the century. at the present time, it truly is usually agreed that his Marxism has hugely unique and private good points, as proven through the truth that his foreign impact has persisted to develop because the fall of the Berlin Wall and the cave in of the Soviet Union. Gramsci and Languages bargains a proof of this originality and strains the origins of sure particular gains of Gramsci’s political proposal by way of taking a look at his lifelong curiosity in language, in particular in questions of linguistic variety and unification.
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Additional resources for Gramsci and Languages: Unification, Diversity, Hegemony (Historical Materialism Book Series, Volume 59)
Gramsci 1980, p. 805. Experiencing Linguistic Diversity and Cultural Unification • 35 dialects are a perfectly adequate means of communication – this communication being almost entirely oral. The spread of literacy, and of a language of wider circulation, was a desirable goal, which socialist cultural activities and political communication were helping to achieve. 61 In another article of 1917, ‘Il socialismo e l’Italia’ [‘Socialism and Italy’], Gramsci discussed a topic which appears in most of his reflections on Italian history.
See Pasolini 1972, pp. 58–9. Experiencing Linguistic Diversity and Cultural Unification • 31 education, academic training and rich cultural interests; his contact with other dialects, particularly with Piedmontese ones; and, finally, the fact that his father was not Sardinian and normally spoke Italian with his wife, Gramsci’s mother. Let us start, then, by looking at Gramsci’s childhood. 41 According to Tullio De Mauro, this was a ‘dense’42 dialect-speaking environment, as is confirmed by Gramsci himself, who, in the above-quoted letter of March 1927, says that about thirty years later, his nephew Franco would still need Sardinian to speak with other children and with the local population in general.
90–125. Schirru has recently suggested that some of Gramsci’s inquiries may have been part of the informal research network revolving around the publication of Meyer-Lübke 1935 (see Schirru 2011, pp. 953–963). 1. Gramsci 1992a, p. 63. This use of avere [to have] instead of essere [to be], as an auxiliary verb in phrases where essere would normally be required, existed for a long time in Italian (see Migliorini 2000). It is widely used in the dialects of Italy, especially the southern ones (see Rohlfs 1966–9, III, pp.