Global Indios: The Indigenous Struggle for Justice in by Nancy E. van Deusen

By Nancy E. van Deusen

In the 16th century millions of indios—indigenous peoples from the territories of the Spanish empire—were enslaved and relocated during the Iberian international. even if numerous legislation and decrees outlawed indio enslavement, numerous loopholes allowed the perform to proceed. In Global Indios Nancy E. van Deusen files the a couple of hundred proceedings among 1530 and 1585 that indio slaves dwelling in Castile dropped at the Spanish courts to safe their freedom. simply because plaintiffs needed to turn out their indio-ness in a Spanish imperial context, those court cases display the problems of choosing who was once an indio and who used to be not—especially because it used to be an all-encompassing build connoting subservience and political personhood and from time to time may well check with humans from Mexico, Peru, or South or East Asia. Van Deusen demonstrates that the kinds of free and slave have been frequently no longer simply outlined, and he or she forces a rethinking of the which means of indio in ways in which emphasize the necessity to situate colonial Spanish American indigenous topics in an international context.

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Extra resources for Global Indios: The Indigenous Struggle for Justice in Sixteenth-Century Spain

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The tales litigants relayed encapsulated their abduction from their places of origin and their subsequent migratory paths to Spain. Indigenous litigants speaking in Spanish began by recounting the initial deracination. Deponents then explained their movements from one location to another with different own­ ers or merchants, and ended their testimonials by detailing how they had come to serve their current masters. ”107 In local contexts, complainants, defendants, and witnesses utilized the law to render the past into a palatable present.

69 I reconstitute fragmented tales about loss and cultural relocation to show how enslaved individuals made sense of bondage. Although the tales of mobility and migration of those indigenous slaves who litigated for their freedom vary considerably, certain experiential patterns emerge when the trajectories of the Spanish conquest and economic trade are weighed. The story told to a Spanish lawyer in 1552 of the abduction of Catalina, a Pipil, illustrates the severe disruption that she and many other indigenous people experienced and how her forced mobility and ultimate freedom is illustrative of early colonial governance.

124 Although in the litigation suits their talking-­back voices—­which “moved from silence into speech”—­were filtered through others’ pronouncements, they ­were still voices with important historical density. 125 The Book’s Architecture In chapter 1, a case study of the village of Carmona, twenty miles northeast of Seville, I highlight this volume’s many themes related to slavery and migration, the vicissitudes of legal culture, the politics of identification, the relevance of witnesses and kinship alliances, the construction of cultural geographies, and the entanglement of empires.

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