Geological and Geotechnical Engineering in the New by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Committee on Geological and Geotechnical Engineering, Opportunities for Research and Technological Innovation, Committee on Geological and Geotechnical E

The box of geoengineering is at a crossroads the place the trail to high-tech recommendations meets the trail to increasing purposes of geotechnology. during this record, the time period "geoengineering" contains all kinds of engineering that care for Earth fabrics, akin to geotechnical engineering, geological engineering, hydrological engineering, and Earth-related elements of petroleum engineering and mining engineering. The swift growth of nanotechnology, biotechnology, and knowledge know-how begs the query of ways those new ways may perhaps come to play in constructing larger recommendations for geotechnological problems.

This document offers a imaginative and prescient for the way forward for geotechnology geared toward nationwide technological know-how origin (NSF) application managers, the geological and geotechnical engineering group as an entire, and different events, together with Congress, federal and nation organizations, undefined, academia, and different stakeholders in geoengineering learn. many of the rules should be just about fact while others might change into elusive, yet all of them current chances to try for and strength pursuits for the long run. Geoengineers are poised to extend their roles and lead to find ideas for contemporary Earth structures difficulties, comparable to international switch, emissions-free strength provide, international water provide, and concrete systems.

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2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. waste management; infrastructure development and rehabilitation; construction efficiency and innovation; national security; resource discovery and recovery; mitigation of natural hazards; and frontier exploration and development. 1). 2 summarizes the committee’s perspective on the current status and critical issues in geoengineering with respect to the seven broad areas where geoengineering contributes to societal needs, as identified in the 1989 report. Included in this table is a list of unresolved issues and opportunities to advance the contributions of geoengineering in 27 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.

Conventional pump-and-treat and excavate-and-dispose remedies are being replaced with increasing frequency by a variety of in situ technologies, including permeable reactive barriers, vapor extraction, and air sparging. Ex situ treatment technologies, such as thermal desorption, are also being developed and applied. A host of other innovative technologies are under development, including various biotechnologies (bioaugmentation, 39 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html GEOLOGICAL AND GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM biostimulation), aerobic remediation, and electrokinetic remediation.

Waste management; infrastructure development and rehabilitation; construction efficiency and innovation; national security; resource discovery and recovery; mitigation of natural hazards; and frontier exploration and development. 1). 2 summarizes the committee’s perspective on the current status and critical issues in geoengineering with respect to the seven broad areas where geoengineering contributes to societal needs, as identified in the 1989 report. Included in this table is a list of unresolved issues and opportunities to advance the contributions of geoengineering in 27 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.

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