Genetic resources, chromosome engineering, and crop by Ram J. Singh

By Ram J. Singh

In fresh many years, cattle manufacturers have moved clear of open grazing for a few purposes, none having to do with the overall healthiness of shoppers. Genetic assets, Chromosome Engineering, and Crop development: Forage vegetation demonstrates how state of the art expertise can inspire the elevating of farm animals in open pastures the place they are often fed grasses grown in nature instead of foodstuff enriched with hormones and different by-products. the quantity brings jointly the world’s major innovators in crop technology who provide details at the availability of germplasm assets that breeders can take advantage of for the advance of significant forage crop forms together with alfalfa, wheatgrass and wildrye grasses, Bahiagrass, birdsfoot trefoil, clover, Bermudagrass, and ryegrass. An introductory bankruptcy outlines the cytogenetic structure of forage vegetation, describes the rules and methods of cytogenetic and breeding manipulations, and summarizes landmark learn. resulting chapters offer a complete account of every crop: its foundation; wild relations; exploitation of genetic assets within the fundamental, secondary, and tertiary, and, the place possible, quarternary gene swimming pools via breeding and cytogenetic manipulation; and genetic enrichment utilizing the instruments of molecular genetics and biotechnology. . guaranteed to turn into the traditional reference, this quantity— Discusses taxonomy, genomic and chromosomal structure, and the geographical distribution Stresses the position of germplasm exploration, upkeep, and assimilation for expanding yield offers functional development methodologies together with traditional, cytogenetic, mutation, molecular, mobile and tissue cultures, and genetic transformation as well as serving as fodder, forage vegetation offer floor disguise, reduction in abetting erosions, yield a couple of prescription drugs, and are serious to honey creation. fixing the world’s meals challenge calls for methods that might result in more healthy, extra enriched meals assets, in addition to extra bountiful harvests. It additionally calls for that we make the easiest use of assets we have now. relocating cattle clear of grain and again to forage vegetation is one procedure which could support us in attaining a balanced nutrients chain in a position to assembly ever-growing call for.

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Additional info for Genetic resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement: Forage crops

Example text

VandenBosch, F. J. De Bruijn, and T. Huguet. 1997. Model legumes get the nod. Plant Cell 9:275–281. , S. Laberge, G. Allard, H. Khoudi, Y. Castonguay, J. Lapointe, R. Michaud, and L-P. Vezina. 1995. Genetic transformation of commercial breeding lines of alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 42:129–140. , G. R. Bauchan, and M. S. McIntosh. 1994. A core collection for the United States annual Medicago germplasm collection. Crop Science 34:279–285. , M. S. McIntosh, and G.

Karyotype (Falistocco et al. 1995; Bauchan and Hossain 1998b, 2001b; Bauchin et al. 2002, 2003). The similarity of the chromosome morphology and the C-banding pattern among homologous is not always perfect; however, enough resemblance between the chromosomes makes it possible to group alfalfa chromosomes into eight sets of four chromosomes. The mitotic banding patterns of tetraploid M. sativa ssp. 6) resemble the distribution of the heterochromatic knobs found in meiotic pachytene chromosomes (Gillies 1970b).

Theoretical and Applied Genetics 86:329–332. Brummer, E. , P. M. Cazcarro, and D. Luth. 1999. Ploidy determination of alfalfa germplasm accessions using flow cytometry. Crop Science 39:1202–1207. Buss, G. , and R. W. Cleveland. 1968. Karyotype of a diploid Medicago sativa L. analyzed from sporophytic and gemetophytic mitosis. Crop Science 8:713–716. , F. P. D. Pupilli, A. Cluster, A. Mariani, and S. Arcioni. 1996. Cytological studies of the nucleolus organizing regions in the Medicago complex: sativa-coerulea-falcata.

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