From Nuremberg to The Hague: The Future of International by Philippe Sands

By Philippe Sands

This assortment relies on a lecture sequence equipped together through Matrix Chambers and the Wiener Library in London among April and June 2002. top specialists current papers studying the evolution of overseas legal justice from its origins at Nuremberg via to the proliferation of foreign courts and tribunals established on the Hague at the present time. The lectures will supply quite a few views at the topic for a person attracted to overseas legal law--from experts to non-specialists.

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2. NA II, RG 107, Stimson papers, Box 5, Bernays to Stimson, report to the President, 7 June 1945. 20 The British argued that the Nazis were‘supreme opportunists’, and thought it highly unlikely that the prosecution could make a conspiracy theory work, not only in law, but in terms of the available evidence. The second problem was the absence of any legal foundation for the charge of conspiring to wage aggressive war. Jackson insisted that such a foundation existed in the Kellogg–Briand Pact signed in Paris in 1928 by sixty-five signatory powers.

The trial was regarded as a show-trial, in which Nazi leaders would be exposed to public disapproval before execution. Stalin established a government commission ‘on the direction of the Nuremberg trial’, which oversaw efforts to ensure that nothing hostile to Soviet interests would be exposed by the court. 29 The other powers tolerated 28 29 PRO, FO 1019/82, Maxwell Fyfe to Jackson, 21 September 1945, p. 2. A. Vaksberg, The Prosecutor and the Prey: Vyshinsky and the 1930s Moscow Show Trials (London, 1990), pp.

14           enough to merit their inclusion, but the final list left out men like Otto Thierack, the SS minister of the interior and former head of the Nazi People’s Court, and the SS general, Kurt Daluege, head of the Order Police and an important figure in the apparatus of repression and genocide. Both were in Allied captivity. To ensure that even these men would eventually stand trial in a series of subsequent tribunals, the Allied prosecutors, at Jackson’s prompting, agreed to arraign a number of organisation as well as individuals.

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