Fort Bowie, Arizona: Combat Post Of The Southwest, 1858-1894 by Douglas C. McChristian

By Douglas C. McChristian

Fortress Bowie, in present-day Arizona, was once confirmed in 1862 on the web site of the well-known conflict of Apache move, the place U.S. troops clashed with Apache leader Cochise and his warriors. The fort’s twin goal used to be to protect the precious water offer at Apache Spring and to manage Indians within the constructing southwestern quarter. Douglas C. McChristian’s citadel Bowie, Arizona, spans approximately 4 many years to supply a desirable account of the numerous complicated occasions surrounding the small strive against post.In a sweeping narrative, McChristian offers castle Bowie in clean contexts of nationwide enlargement and neighborhood improvement, weaving in threads of early exploration, transcontinental railroad surveys, the overland mail, mining, ranching, and the clash with the Apaches.

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14 News of the Confederate occupation of southern New Mexico and Arizona lent purpose and urgency to Carleton’s relentless training schedule. Coincident with Sibley’s arrival in El Paso in December, Army Headquarters granted General Wright permission to organize an expedition to march toward the Rio Grande, via Fort Yuma, to fall on the Confederate flank, thereby cutting Sibley’s supply line. 15 To accomplish this, Carleton was directed to organize a column comprised of the First California Infantry, a five-company battalion of the First California Cavalry under Lieutenant Colonel Edward E.

4 That was only the beginning of Apache depredations along the stage road. Within a month after the attack at Stein’s Pass (also known as Doubtful Canyon), Cochise led raids against nearly every station east of Tucson, including those at Mimbres River, Cow Springs, Soldier’s Farewell, Barney’s Station, Apache Pass, Dragoon Springs, and San Pedro Crossing. At San Simon Station, twenty-one miles east of Apache Pass, Indians ran off a herd of company and government mules, along with several horses belonging to Butterfield employees.

Ward snapped off a pistol shot at the fleeing chief, perhaps wounding him in the leg, while the troops discharged a few more shots as he darted among the bushes and rocks and quickly disappeared. 31 Earlier that morning, Bascom had directed Sergeant Robinson, whom he had placed in charge of transportation, to take the precaution of rounding up the mules then grazing about the camp. ”32 While Bascom entertained the Apaches in camp, Robinson proceeded to carry out his assignment. As Robinson McChristian Chapter 1 26 10/28/04 2:53 PM Page 26 fort bowie, arizona made his way uphill toward the corral, the commotion in the camp caused him to turn just in time to see the Chiricahuas scampering in all directions.

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