By Kouki Hikosaka, Yusuke Onoda, Toshihiko Kinugasa, Hisae Nagashima, Niels P. R. Anten (auth.), Dr. Takashi Kohyama, Dr. Josep Canadell, Dr. Dennis S. Ojima, Dr. Louis F. Pitelka (eds.)
Coastal East and Southeast Asia are characterised by way of rainy growing to be seasons, and species-rich woodland ecosystems boost during the latitudinal and altitudinal gradients. during this quarter, the worldwide swap affects on Terrestrial Ecosystems in Monsoon Asia (TEMA) venture was once performed as a special contribution to the overseas undertaking international switch and Terrestrial Ecosystems. TEMA aimed to combine woodland environment approaches, from leaf body structure to meteorological finances and prediction of long term swap of crops composition and structure via demographic methods. specific consciousness was once given to watershed techniques, the place woodland atmosphere metabolism impacts the houses and biogeochemical budgets of freshwater ecosystems, and the place rivers, wetlands, and lakes are topic to direct and oblique results of environmental switch. This quantity offers the scaling-up inspiration for larger realizing of atmosphere functioning.
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Additional resources for Forest Ecosystems and Environments: Scaling Up from Shoot Module to Watershed
The 146 forest plots were categorized into 26 types of vegetation out of the 62 types which appeared. The 26 types are the ones listed in Table 1. 36 ha in total, which corresponded to 92% of forest cover in TOEF. 19 ha) was excluded from the NBI analysis because the tree mortality was extremely high due to a disturbance during the census period. Individual tree mass was estimated from DBH using the following allometric functions. Tree height (H) for conifers (Hiura et al. 1996), 1=H ðmÞ ¼ 1=0:596 Á DBHðcmÞ1:202 þ 1=38:5 Tree height for deciduous broad-leaved trees (Hiura et al.
1007/s11284-005-0042-0 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Tsutom Hiura Estimation of aboveground biomass and net biomass increment in a cool temperate forest on a landscape scale Received: 9 September 2004 / Accepted: 29 October 2004 / Published online: 2 April 2005 Ó The Ecological Society of Japan 2005 Abstract I clariﬁed aboveground biomass (AGB), net biomass increment (NBI) and its spatial heterogeneity in a cool temperate forest on a landscape scale (>2,200 ha). 8 ha in total). This area included natural broad-leaved stands, harvested broad-leaved stands, and artiﬁcial conifer plantations.
This suggests that there are other reasons for the overestimation of mortality or respiration in above- and below-ground parts. The results obtained in the Pmax enhancement situation (Fig. 13) are interesting because they suggest the limitations and capabilities of our approach. The doubling in NPP due to 50% increase in photosynthetic rate (Fig. 13a) could be counterintuitive. Figure 13b gives us a possible explanation that the doubling of NPP is related to the doubling of BA that is nearly proportional to the amount of needle foliage as assumed in the pipe model (Table 8).