Fighting Two Colonialisms by Stephanie Urdang

By Stephanie Urdang

Guinea-Bissau, a small state at the West Coast of Africa, had been a colony of Portugal for 500 years, and with the 1926 upward thrust of a Portuguese fascist dictatorship, colonization of the country became either brutal and complete. In 1956 the African get together for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) was founded by way of Amilcar Cabral and some nation humans. before everything PAIGC's aim was once to organize employees within the cities, hoping that via demonstrations and moves they would persuade the Portuguese to barter for independence. It quickly turned clear that this method of independence wouldn't paintings. every one demonstration used to be met with violence, until the 1959 bloodbath of 50 dockworkers retaining a calm demonstration at Pidgiguiti. This was once a turning element for PAIGC: they learned that independence could now not be received with no an armed fight, person who needed to be in accordance with the mass participation of the folk. This book focuses at the manner within which PAIGC ideology integrated the emancipation of women into the full revolution: how it emphasized the desire for ladies to play an equal political, financial, and social position in either the armed fight and the construction of a brand new society.

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Similarly, Joan Buck, 21, had lived in Stepney for five years, in Franten, Gloucestershire, for five years before that, and originally in Aylburton, where she had been born. 10 testify in marriage cases over which the ‘alien’ churches lacked jurisdiction, and they sometimes made reference to failed reconciliation efforts by French or Dutch elders. g. Jane Foye c. Peter Foye, 1578 (LMA, DL/C/629, fos. 24–7, 99). 9 The northwest of England suffered disproportionately from want and even starvation in the worst years.

57 On householders, see Jeremy Boulton, ‘Neighbourhood Migration in Early Modern London’, in Peter Clark and David Souden (eds), Migration and Society in Early Modern England (Totowa, NJ, 1987). 58 Joan Clay, 1624 (LMA, DL/C/229, fo. 27); Margaret Newe, 1613 (LMA, DL/C/221, fo. 1434r); Mary Kys, 1610 (LMA, DL/C/219, fo. 60v); and Margaret Griffon, 1594 (LMA, DL/C/ 214, p. 569). 59 Robert Greenapp, 1593 (LMA, DL/C/214, pp. 402–3). 60 They were always alert to possible marriage opportunities. For example, Elizabeth Doughty, 30, a covenanted servant with the Aldeworths, broke her contract to serve William Brown instead in 1572.

Richard Parkinson (Chetham, 1845), 6–7. M. , The countrey lasse (London, 1628). 24 City Women for men and the mid-20s for women, bachelors and maids could not be classified indefinitely as children: only in the most fortunate families could parents be expected to survive and support their offspring for so long. However, contemporaries feared that the worst outrages could be expected when volatile, irresponsible young men and women set up their own disorderly households without the steadying foundations of experience and capital.

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