Female Prostitution in Costa Rica: Historical Perspectives, by Anne Hayes

By Anne Hayes

This e-book analyzes the improvement of lady prostitution within the Pacific port of Puntarenas, Costa Rica throughout the complicated level of the espresso exporting economic system (1880-1930), on the peak of the consolidation of the liberal kingdom. Hayes argues that prostitution within the port differed from that of the espresso generating highlands as a result of differential monetary, social, and political improvement. within the outer edge of Puntarenas, the improvement of prostitution mirrored a much less stigmatized view of sexual trade than that of the highlands, the place prostitution, even though felony, threatened the tenets of liberal nationalism in keeping with racial homogeneity and relatives values. ladies of the highlands have been inspired to breed the nation's "more ecu" inventory of employees and to make sure the felony transference of estate via felony church marriages - either a part of a layout to stabilize the espresso exporting venture. against this, prostitutes and different operating girls of Puntarenas, many immigrants from the "less ecu" populations of neighboring areas and so much in concubinage, have been freer to do what the legislations prescribed - sign up as prostitutes in valid alternate. Such neighborhood disparities display weaknesses in conventional causes of Costa Rican exceptionalism, that have rested at the premise of cultural homogeneity and feature mirrored the realities of just one quarter of the rustic. The publication advances an alternate reason for the improvement of the nation's extra democratic associations, situating Costa Rican exceptionalism within the nation's loose exertions process, of which the hard work prostitute in Puntarenas offers an instance.

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Used with explicit permission by the Map Division, The NewThe YorkNew Public Library, Astor, LenoxAstor, and Tilden explicit permission by the Map Division, York Public Library, Foundations. Lenox and Tilden Foundations. used. 2 As reported by politician and liberal historian Cleto González Víquez, Puntarenas has been a physical work in progress since the time of its first appearance. Map 2–1 shows its physical evolution from 1860 to 1885 to 1931, in the first stage a limited protrusion, in the second hooking northward, and in the third, leveling out to create what became Barrio del Carmen.

For reasons outlined in the final chapter, the central government never did attempt a significant cultural renovation of porteño society. Census takers bent racial and civil status data for the 1927 Census to counter concerns that “white” Costa Ricans might not be reproducing at desired levels and that concubinage practices undermined liberal designs for the quality of the nation’s population. Differential regional development was thus, to a degree, officially “swept under the carpet,” accounting, in some measure, for the tenacity with which the white settler myth has persisted and, more importantly for this study, how the development of one periphery belied this myth.

Today the southern pier also greets cruise ships from faraway points. This split between the regional trade of the northern side of the spit and the international maritime traffic on the southern underscores the port’s dual status as a regional center for the Pacific as well as an international entrepôt, both serving the national interest. indd 27 5/30/2006 9:53:40 AM 28 Female Prostitution in Costa Rica to the diversity of its economic activity. Between regional and international maritime activity, fishing and tourism, there has always been an alternative way for natives to make a living when one or another of its economies slows down.

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