By Mens en Ruimte
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Extra info for Environmental Problems of the City Centres: A Report prepared for the Environment and Consumer Protection Service of the Commission of the European Communities by Mens en Ruimte
Plans prepared by the municipalities - which may give rise to a special law - have to be submitted for approval at provincial, regional and Ministry of Public Works level. By virtue of Law No. 765 ("Iegge ponte urbanistica"), the Ministry has the power to make any changes which it considers necessary. The municipal councils of centres of population of more than 50,000 inhabitants and provincial capitals are required by law to provide the municipality with a general outline plan (Law No. 1150, "Iegge quadro urbanistica").
The common characteristics of the cities other than London may perhaps be summarized as follows : - dispersal of the inhabitants of overcrowded areas to the suburbs and to smaller towns; improvement of environment and housing in the centre; - improvement of the traffic situation and an attempt to keep vehicles out of the centre; - preservation of historic buildings. 3) Relation of national policy to regional policy. National policy influences regional objectives, firstly by the control of subsidies, to which conditions are attached, and secondly by means of special regulations such as the recent decision that all towns must draw up an overall traffic plan ("comprehensive transport policy programme"), which must be brought up to date every year, in order to qualify for transport subsidies.
One of the major problems confronting the important European city centres is the tremendous physical expansion which has occurred and which, in the centres, has produced scores of new office buildings as a by-product of the growth of the office function in our time, and as an expression of our need for an increase in physical work space. While growth per se of the office sector is not a negative event, the fact that it has occurred in a small, concentrated area in an already crowded environment in the city centre has created specific negative repercussions.