By Georgina Waylen
What has been the impression of transitions to democracy on gender family? What roles have women's mobilizations performed in approaches of democratization? In a brand new and over-arching thematic research, Engendering Transitions solutions those questions via evaluating the transitions from country socialism and authoritarianism that happened as a part of the "third wave" of democratization that swept the area from the mid Nineteen Seventies onwards.Using empirical fabric drawn from 8 case research international locations in East principal Europe and Latin the USA in addition to South Africa, Georgina Waylen explores the gendered constraints and possibilities supplied through methods of democratization and fiscal restructuring. This ebook makes use of a worldly analytical framework that brings jointly the research of key actors and associations and indicates that, lower than definite stipulations, transitions to democracy can lead to a few optimistic gender results similar to advancements in women's political illustration and extra 'gender delicate' coverage in components corresponding to household violence. Georgina Waylen argues that women's mobilization in the course of transitions isn't any warrantly of luck and alter is simpler to accomplish in a few components than others. realizing the jobs that may be performed via prepared women's routine, key actors and the broader political surroundings is essential in aiding us to give an explanation for why those gender results differ in numerous contexts. This e-book addresses vital debates in the research of either comparative politics and gender and politics and considerably improves our realizing of the ways that transitions to democracy are gendered.
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Additional info for Engendering transitions: women's mobilization, institutions, and gender outcomes
As a result authoritarian regimes in El Salvador and Guatemala were put under pressure to move to systems that at least appeared to be more democratic. ❖ Transitions Once a non-democratic regime has broken down, the subsequent transition can take many forms. Much of the democratization literature has been preoccupied with analysing diﬀerent transition paths and who controls the transition itself. A pacted transition was initially seen as the path most likely to result in the consolidation of democracy (O’Donnell, Schmitter, and Whitehead ).
Huntington’s concept () of the third wave was one of the ﬁrst suggestions of the signiﬁcance of the international context as it analysed democratization as a global phenomenon linked by processes such as contagion and diﬀusion and spread by the global media in an era of mass communications. Processes of globalization have also contributed to the creation of greater political, economic, and cultural links between countries, weakening the capacity of states. Insulation from global processes is therefore more diﬃcult to achieve and, as a result, the impact of globalization on transitions to democracy has to be taken more seriously (Grugel ).
Factionalism is common within parties as is party switching and weak party discipline. It is therefore relatively easy for individual parties to become personalistic vehicles for leaders. Weak party systems often exhibit high levels of personalism as it is easier for personalist and non-party candidates to win. In a context where political competition does not have to be channelled through parties or where people do not have great loyalty to parties, voters will be more likely to support candidates, such as Yeltsin and Putin in Russia or Fujimori in Peru, without a clear party label.