Encyclopaedia of the Qurʼān, vol 3. (J - O) by President Jane Dammen McAuliffe

By President Jane Dammen McAuliffe

The Qur'an is the first spiritual textual content for one-sixth of the world's inhabitants. Understood by means of Muslims to comprise God's personal phrases, it's been an item of reverence and of extreme research for hundreds of years. The hundreds of thousands of volumes that Muslim students have dedicated to qur'anic interpretation and to the linguistic, rhetorical and narrative research of the textual content are adequate to create whole libraries of qur'anic experiences. Drawing upon a wealthy scholarly historical past, Brill's "Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an" combines alphabetically prepared articles concerning the contents of the Qur'an. it really is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur'anic phrases, options, personalities, position names, cultural heritage and exegesis prolonged with essays at the most vital issues and topics inside of qur'anic reviews. The 5 volumes comprise approximately a thousand entries. The projected ebook date for quantity 4 is autumn 2004, and autumn 2005 for quantity 5.

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This means that the People of the Book must believe in it as well as in their own scriptures. g. q 2:89-91). The Jews are not just unbelievers but also idolaters. ; Uzayr) was the son of God, just as the Christians held that the Messiah was the son of God. The Qur ān reacts to both tenets by asserting that one must associate nothing with God. e. they associate idols with God in a polytheistic form of worship. Moreover, in q 4:51, “those who have been given part of the book,” who are probably the Jews, are said to have believed in the Jibt and the āghūt (cf.

Bay āwī, Anwār, i, 105, ad q 2:190). This predominance is perhaps to be explained by the fact that in this sense of “war,” jihād was given a legal definition, legal catego- ries and regulations, aspects which were discussed at length by the jurists (who often, however, used the term siyar instead of jihād). Also the parallelism between the qur ānic phrases jihād “in the way of God” ( fī sabīli llāh) and qitāl “in the way of God” may have contributed to the equation of j-h-d with terms of warfare.

Still other authorities maintained that jibt means sorcery or divination while āghūt means a sorcerer or diviner (Zamakhsharī, Kashshāf, i, 274; Ibn Ādil, Lubāb, vi, 420-2). The influential premodern jurist and theologian, Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī (d. ). Khaled M. Abdu El Fadl Bibliography Primary: M. ; Ibn Ādil, Abū af Umar b. Alī, al-Lubāb fī ulūm al-kitāb, ed. A. M. , Beirut 1998; Ibn Kathīr, Tafsīr; Lisān al- Arab, Beirut 19972; Māwardī, Nukat; Qāsimī, Tafsīr, Beirut 1997; Qur ubī, Jāmi ; Rāzī, Tafsīr, 32 vols.

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