Emblem and State in the Classic Maya Lowlands: An Epigraphic by Joyce Marcus

By Joyce Marcus

Joyce Marcus reconstructs vintage Maya political association by utilizing facts derived from epigraphy, payment trend surveys, and locational research. This research describes the advance of a four-tiered payment hierarchy and its next cave in.

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14. 15 9. O. O. O. 19. O. O. o± 3 katuns 9. 10. o. o? Late Classic Period T-569 in main panel T-569 in base panel T-569 in base panel T-569 in main panel T-569 in base panel During the Early Classic Period, the "water" prefixes (T-32 to T-41) are frequently not induded, but the "Ben-Ich" superfix is usually presento However, T-168 is not present in the headdresses on Stelae 1, 28, and Altar VIII, or in the text ofStela 31 (at G24); these are examples of T-569 used as a main sign without any "Ben-Ich" superfix.

T-511 , which occasionalIy occurs alone. d-f T-562, which commonIy appears alone in the non-local inscriptions when Yaxchilán is being referred too themainsigns T-511 and T-562 (Fig. 14), andare most often preceded by "water" prefixes-T-p, 36, 37, or 38-and all take the "Ben-Ich" superfix. When only one of the two main Yaxchilán emblem glyphs is employed, it is more frequently the main sign T-562 (Fig. 15). T-511 is also paired with T-747; thus, T-511 may be paired with either T-562 or T-747. ,~~aflE I b ,le e The Local Usage of T-511 and T-562 The Muluc main sign, T-511 (Thompson 1962:110-11), takes the following "water" prefixes: T-p, 36, 37, and 38.

They have relatively few monmnents within their site. D. , ter­ tiary or secondary centers. General PrincipIes Jor the Hierarchy oJ Maya Cities This c1assification ofMaya sites is quite specific in that the criteria for differentia­ tion are the presence and usage of emblem glyphs (Table 4). Regional capitals are at once discrete units, but they also act as agents of great interaction with depen­ dent centers in their "region" and with other capitals outside their loosely-tied region. The territory between any two regional capitals is connective in this sense and not divisive.

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