Edspeak: A Glossary of Education Terms, Phases, Buzzwords, by Diane Ravitch

By Diane Ravitch

Have you heard of Suggestopedia? are you aware what a gallery stroll is? How concerning the distinction among a stem and a foil? perhaps you do not imagine it is necessary to understand those schooling phrases. Diane Ravitch thinks in a different way. schooling, like so much professions, has its personal detailed vocabulary that's usually unusual to outsiders. yet in contrast to these of alternative professions, Ravitch contends, the language of schooling needs to be transparent and intelligible to all. simply because schooling largely determines the way forward for our society, economic climate, and tradition, it is an important that schooling matters be understood by means of most of the people. And to appreciate the problems, we have to comprehend the really expert language utilized in the sector.

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Bias and sensitivity review: Analysis of tests and textbooks by committees responsible for determining whether the materials contain content that might be explicitly or implicitly offensive, biased, or insensitive to any group of people. Such committees are created by test developers, textbook companies, and state and federal governments to screen educational materials and to eliminate potential sources of bias and insensitivity. Sensitivity reviewers analyze textbooks and stories to be used in standardized tests to make sure that they do not refer to controversial topics like evolution, abortion, or suicide and that they do not contain language that might offend feminists or members of racial, ethnic, or religious groups.

Bias and sensitivity review | 31 The charge of bias usually is a claim that test questions implicitly or explicitly favor one group over another group. A difference in outcomes could be due to a real difference in the tested population (one may have more education than another) or to a systematic error in the testing instrument. Test developers may decide that a test question is biased and eliminate it, even if the test question appears to be fair on its face, because students of one group persistently have less success in answering it than students of other groups.

The differences between aptitude tests and achievement tests are not always clear-cut. articulation: The attempt to create a seamless transition from one part of the education system to the next—for example, from middle school to high school or from high school to university— especially with regard to the curriculum. assessment: A test. An assessment may be part of a system for testing and evaluating individual students, groups of students, schools, or districts. Different types of assessment instruments include achievement tests, minimum competency tests, developmental screening tests, aptitude tests, observation instruments, performance tasks, and authentic assessments.

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