By W. John Hutchins
Laptop translation (MT) used to be one of many first non-numerical purposes of the pc within the Nineteen Fifties and Nineteen Sixties. With restricted gear and programming instruments, researchers from quite a lot of disciplines (electronics, linguistics, arithmetic, engineering, etc.) tackled the unknown difficulties of language research and processing, investigated unique and cutting edge equipment and methods, and laid the principles not only of present MT platforms and automated instruments for translators but in addition of traditional language processing regularly. This quantity comprises contributions through or concerning the significant MT pioneers from the us, Russia, East and West Europe, and Japan, with reminiscences of non-public studies, colleagues and competitors, the political and institutional historical past, the successes and disappointments, and in particular the demanding situations and pleasure of a brand new box with nice functional significance. every one article contains a own bibliography, and the editor offers an summary, chronology and record of assets for the period.
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Extra info for Early Years in Machine Translation: Memoirs and biographies of pioneers
Linguistic and Engineering Studies in Automatic Language Translation of Scientific Russian into English, Phase II. Seattle: The University of Washington Press. [Papers by Erwin Reifler, Lew R. Micklesen, David L. Johnson, Robert E. , Aristoteles D. Stathacopoulos, and Philipp M. Pahl] Reifler, Erwin. 1961a. "MT linguistics and MT lexicography at the University of Washington". Advances in Documentation and Library Science 3(2), 841-852. New York: Interscience Publishers, Inc. [Repr. from Reifler et al.
His reading of the Old Testament caused him to puzzle over the account given in Ezekiel, Chap. 40 of the dimensions of the Outer Eastern Gateway of the Temple City. After many years of research Reifler came to the conclusion that the only solution to the numerical, architectural, and philological riddles posed by Ezekiel reside in a literal interpretation of the original text. Since Ezekiel's text did not give all the dimensions of the Gate, Reifler realized that he could create a complete picture only by deduction and calculation.
1984a. A comparative history of metrology?. London: Mansell. 38 LEW R. J. 1984b. Ancient Hebrew and Solomonic building construction. London: Mansell. Hutchins, J. 1997. "From first conception to first demonstration: the nascent years of machine translation, 1947-1954. A chronology". Machine Translation 12. 195-252. W. N. 1953. "Photographic techniques for information storage". E. 4L 1421-1428. Richens, R. H. and Booth, A. D. 1955. "Some methods of mechanized translation". Machine translation of languages, ed.