Early Human Occupation in British Columbia by Luke R. Dalla Bona, Roy L. Carlson

By Luke R. Dalla Bona, Roy L. Carlson

This publication represents the archeological proof for the 1st 5,500 years of prehistory in British Columbia, from approximately 10,500 to 5,000 years in the past. As this era is poorly identified, even to experts, Early Human career in British Columbia is a crucial contribution to present wisdom approximately an enigmatic time in a seriously vital zone of western North the USA.

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For example, a complete undamaged phalanx of a snowshoe hare could be the result of in situ death, discard by a human or animal predator, or downslope movement of bones originally deposited upslope by either of the first two processes. Broken bones may also result from human or animal predation or from mechanical effects during and after deposition, and no keys have been developed to distinguish such breakage patterns. Furthermore, modes of damage caused by particular predators vary widely. For example, humans may cook small 23 Jonathan C.

4 1 Subzone lib 14 2 2 15 4 2 1 1 1 13 2 10 2 1 16 18 4 122 6 8 11 3 145 1 24 2 2 1 2 2 8 3 3 2 19 1 2 1 11 6 While analysis of surface damage to the bones of large mammals may provide evidence of their taphonomic history, this method reveals much less about the origin of smaller vertebrates. For example, a complete undamaged phalanx of a snowshoe hare could be the result of in situ death, discard by a human or animal predator, or downslope movement of bones originally deposited upslope by either of the first two processes.

These traits include a "preference for fine-grained siliceous sedimentary stone ... a lithic technology oriented primarily to production of large expanding flakes with low angle striking platforms from large bifacial cores ... a tool kit dominated by large bifaces, large discoidal unifaces, and large unifacial flake tools" (Choquette 1982:3). This Goatfell complex apparently dates from ca. 11,000 BP to ca. 8000 BP and is assigned to the early Stemmed Point Tradition. The Banff I and II assemblages are sufficiently different to suggest the introduction of a distinct technology into the Banff area shortly before 10,000 years ago.

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