Early Encounters: Native Americans and Europeans in New by Delores Bird Carpenter

By Delores Bird Carpenter

Early Encounters encompasses a number of nineteen essays from the papers of popular New England historian, antiquarian, and genealogist Warren Sears Nickerson (1880-1966). This large examine of his family ties to the Mayflower, and his exhaustive research of the 1st contacts among Europeans and local americans, in what's this day New England, made him an unquestioned authority in either fields. 
     The examine upon which the textual content of Early Encounters relies happened among the Twenties and the Nineteen Fifties. every one of Nickerson’s works incorporated during this rigorously edited quantity is put in its context via Delores chook wood worker; she presents the reader with a wealth of precious heritage information regarding every one essay’s starting place, in addition to Nickerson’s purposes for venture the examine. fabric is prepared thematically: the arriving of the Mayflower; conflicts among Europeans and local american citizens; and different subject matters on the topic of the historical past and legends of early ecu cost on Cape Cod. Early Encounters is a thoughtfully researched, readable publication that provides a wealthy and sundry account of lifestyles in colonial New England.

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J. Eccles, France in America (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1972),3. 31. , State Printers, 1899), 100. 32. , 30. 33. Ibid. 34. , 32. 35. Ibid. 36. Ibid. 37. The situation would have been different if the Spanish had regained control of Holland. The Spanish were not known for their tolerance as can be witnessed in such measures as the Inquisition and the expulsion of the Jews and the Moors from Spain in 1492. The Spanish were certainly a threat to the Separatists but only if they controlled Holland.

Firstly we are not Indians. Only since Columbus named-or mis-named us Indian-are we so called. We are, or were, simply, Abnaki, Tarratine, Wampanoag-Penobscot or Mashpee-or Narragansett, or Pequot, or Sioux-or Cherokee-or-whatever our aboriginal name happened to be-I presume that you know all this. Conclusion The reader cannot presume that Nickerson knew "all this," but the reader hopefully will sense that Nickerson, in his self-educated way, tried, sometimes successfully, perhaps best in "The Wading Place Path," "Pompmo and the Legend of Paw Waw Pond," "Old Maushope's Smoke," "The Old Sagamore," and "Micah Rafe" to be intellectually bifocal, approximating an ethnohistorian, who tries to view intercultural encounters from both or all sides, using evidence generated by one culture to understand the other.

What I have learned about each individual is authenticated by references to old deeds, documents, court records, military lists, and the like. Taken as a whole, my Papers give a complete picture of Indian Life on the Lower Cape from the landing of the first white man until the last halfbreed Indian hit the final trail to Mashpee or Gay Head. The border lines between these three Tribes were not marked by definite maps and bounds, as you, of course, know. Nevertheless, they followed well known and distinguishing landmarks.

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