By Brendalyn P. Ambrose
Improvement used to be completed within the West by way of capitalism and industrialization prior to liberal democracy was once brought as a potential type of govt. Africa is grappling with the issues of underdevelopment. but, the West insists on liberal democracy for Africa, a sort of presidency which has no financial and social foundations in Africa. The West now faults the African humans for now not with the ability to identify and maintain democratic associations. Ambrose, an African improvement practitioner who, lately arriving from the continent after 3 severe years of fact-finding, study, and session, argues that the answer to Africa's difficulties doesn't lie in externally imposed liberal associations shored up through top-down forms that almost all frequently is ignorant, unresponsive, or outright adverse to the wishes of the impoverished majority. Her investigations lead her to think that the answer for Africa lies in a collective process in response to empowerment of the hundreds and fiscal reforms.
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Extra resources for Democratization and the Protection of Human Rights in Africa: Problems and Prospects
22 T h e state administration is often corrupted. Regional and local governments do not adequately meet the needs of the people. Career bureaucrats who collect revenue and disburse expenditures are often bribed to hand out contracts. They are also expected to award contracts to their kinfolk as part of their responsibility to tribe and family. If bureaucrats misspend money allocated for housing, edu- 22 HUMAN RIGHTS IN AFRICA cation, health, and so on, the government can be embarrassed but it is the masses who bear the brunt.
Supreme power is vested in the hands of the people through their elected representatives. 2. Laws are established which guarantee political equality. 3. The democratic spirit is put into practice. 4. People are legally empowered to determine who governs and what policies and programs those who govern should pursue. 5. Laws and machineries are in place to ensure that those who govern are responsible, responsive, and accountable to the people who bear the weight of their governance. 6. People can participate fully in the management of their affairs.
These are positive signs for civil EMERGING CONCEPTS 21 society in Africa. But while people collaborate to ensure their economic survival, the average African is not sufficiently conscientized politically to be prepared to make sacrifices for the national good. That is a major hurdle. The State System The main problem with the state system in Africa is that there is no real separation of powers. While separation of powers is recognized in the constitutions, it is not practiced in reality. " 19 W h a t exists in Africa is absolute power.