Democracy in Iran by Ramin Jahanbegloo

By Ramin Jahanbegloo

Regardless of missing any kind of army virtue over the regimes they've got faced, the Iranian humans have by no means been dissuaded from emerging opposed to and demanding various types of injustice. in the course of the winning implementation of non-violent motion Iranians have triumph over the violence of successive governments by way of undermining their ethical and political legitimacy. yet greater than 100 years after the Constitutional Revolution of 1906, Iranians are nonetheless looking for a social covenant by which they could collect and perform public freedom. The stakes are super excessive, if Iran fails to finish its tradition of violence as a kingdom and society then it dangers its destiny as a sturdy, democratic nation. So how then can the Iranian humans holiday the cycle of violent and oppressive regimes and begin taking a look in the direction of a non-violent and democratic destiny? there is not any magic formulation that would instantly finish violence in Iran yet this ebook argues that by means of shunning violence and displaying a readiness to stand down persecution that the Iranian humans have an opportunity to safe their freedom.

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The main characteristic of bast as a nonviolent method of social and political struggle is that it took away the legitimacy of the Qajar government forcing it to negotiate with the Iranian civic actors on their demand for the creation of a constituent assembly. Though the Qajar government had previously shown its impressive power in striking religious and social actors of the Iranian society like those belonging to the Babi movement, its internal weaknesses and the surprising disciplined and nonviolent move of the Iranian population forced the Shah to accept the idea of the new constitution.

Secularist intellectuals were not the only actors responsible for Iranian constitutional transformation, however. The Ulama were crucial in effectively mobilizing the Iranian population around nonviolent resistance strategies such as bast (sanctuary), which were crucial in gaining democratic concessions from the Qajar government. Jahanbegloo, Ramin. Democracy in Iran. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. 1057/9781137330178. com - Trial Access - PalgraveConnect - 2013-11-01 2 Democracy in Iran For the past 150 years Iranian elites have been engaged with modern ideas.

Com - Trial Access - PalgraveConnect - 2013-11-01 30 31 near Tehran and demanded from the Shah the formation of a “House of Justice” and the dismissal of the Governor of Tehran. As we can see clearly from the line-up of social forces in the making of the constitutional alliance those who were involved were mostly urban actors who had specific social and economic grievances against the Qajar state and its foreign partners. Matters came to a point of no return in the summer of 1906 when a large crowd of 14,000 people sought sanctuary (bast) in the grounds of the British Legation.

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