Daily Life in Maya Civilization by Robert J. Sharer

By Robert J. Sharer

Experience everyday life in Maya civilization, from its earliest beginnings to the Spanish conquest within the sixteenth century. Narrative chapters describe Mayan political lifestyles, financial system, social constitution, faith, writing, struggle, and medical equipment. Readers will discover the Mayan calendar, counting approach, searching and accumulating tools, language, and kinfolk roles and relationships. A revised and improved version in accordance with the most recent archaeological examine, this quantity bargains new interpretations and corrects well known misconceptions, and exhibits how the Maya tailored to their setting and preserved their tradition and language over hundreds of thousands of years. Over 60 pictures and illustrations, numerous of recent archaeological websites, increase the fabric, and an extended source middle bibliography contains sites and DVDs for extra research. The ultimate bankruptcy discusses what Maya civilization ability for us at the present time and what we will be able to research from Maya achievements and screw ups. A first-stop reference resource for any scholar of Latin American and local American historical past and culture.

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These people continue to speak one of the 28 closely related languages that make up the Mayan family of languages. Although most of these people also speak Spanish (the official language of Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras) or English (the official language of Belize), their native language continues to define them as Maya people, holders of a proud cultural tradition. The various Mayan languages are similar because they are descended from one ancestral language spoken thousands of years ago.

Other foods came from plentiful resources acquired by fishing, gathering, and hunting. People lived on both the levees and the main island. Permanent occupation began at the end of the Archaic and continued through the Early and Middle Preclassic (ca. ). Population size increased substantially during this span. By the Middle Preclassic (ca. ), there was a three-level site hierarchy, headed by the main center on La Venta Island. This indicates that La Venta was the capital of a large and powerful polity with a variety of economic, social, political, and religious distinctions.

But archaeological sites are far more than jigsaw puzzles; each one is part of a nonrenewable resource—a unique representative of past Maya society. As each site is destroyed by looting, the Maya of today lose another portion of their heritage, and the world loses another portion of the evidence that could allow us to better understand Maya civilization. Once destroyed, this evidence is gone forever. Can this wanton destruction be stopped? The contemporary countries in which Maya sites are located—Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador—all have laws against looting archaeological sites.

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