Cross-linguistic Influences in Multilingual Language by Éva Berkes, Suzanne Flynn (auth.), Danuta Gabrys-Barker

By Éva Berkes, Suzanne Flynn (auth.), Danuta Gabrys-Barker (eds.)

This quantity depicts the phenomenon of cross-linguistic affects within the particular context of multilingual language acquisition. It comprises articles on quite a few matters with regards to the syntactic and lexical improvement of overseas language freshmen from varied L1 backgrounds, in lots of instances related to languages that are typologically far away from English, akin to Russian, Croatian, Greek and Portuguese. person chapters spotlight diversified components anticipated to be particularly transfer-prone on the point of grammatical and lexical move particularly contexts of language contact.

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1998. Lexical inventions: French interlanguage as L2 versus L3. Applied Linguistics 19: 471–49. Falk, Y. and Bardel, C. 2010. The study of the role of the background languages in third language acquisition. The state of the art. In: IRAL - International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching 48 (2–3): 185–219. , Claire, F. and Inna, V. 2004. The Cumulative Enhancement Model for Language Acquisition. International Journal of Multilingualism, 1:1, 3–17. Gabrys´-Barker, D. 2005. , Pienemann, M.

Literature on multilingual acquisition is far from pinpointing one determiner for cross-linguistic interferences. Williams and Hammarberg’s (1998) case study states the following determiners are influential for the activation of a language in L3 production: typology, L2 status, proficiency and recency. They stated that the most influential factor in competing with the target language is the prior language that scores highest on all the above mentioned determiners. 1 Language Typology Typology refers to language distance.

E. a low proficiency in the target L3 language activates a background language with a low proficiency and in the case of high proficiency in L3, only a high L2 or the L1 will be activated. Similarly, Bardel and Transfer Phenomena of L2 (German) Lexical and Syntactic Properties 27 Falk (2007) claim that in order to transfer syntactic structures from L2 into L3 one needs to have a high proficiency in the L2. 4 Recency of Use The notion of ‘‘recency of use’’ refers to ‘‘how recently a language was last used’’ (De Angelis 2007, p.

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