Corpus Linguistics: Readings in a Widening Discipline by Geoffrey Sampson, Diana McCarthy

By Geoffrey Sampson, Diana McCarthy

A corpus is a set of specimens of a language as utilized in actual lifestyles, in writing and/or speech. Corpus lingustics is examine, performed in college linguistics departments and computing departments (and these days in commercial examine labs too), which makes use of corpora as the most important assets of proof at the constitution and homes of languages. simply because corpus linguistics has grown speedy from small beginnings, rookies to teh filed usually locate it tough to get their bearings. very important papers should be tough to trace down. This quantity reprints forty two corpus linguistics articles which first seemed at dates starting from 1952 to 2002, and which among them illustrate all of the major instructions within which the sunject is constructing. It contains articles which are already famous as classics, and others which need to develop into so , supplemented with editorial introductions bearing on the person individuals to teh box as your time. >

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The numbers in parentheses following the quotations are reference or index numbers to the transcribed material of the conversations which furnished the basic evidence for this study. That is, of the shorter units, for I have not included here examples of long utterance units that began conversations. As a working procedure I assumed that these were not single free utterances. The failure to make this division between 'situation utterance units' and 'response utterance units' seems to me to account for much of the difficulty grammarians have had in making satisfactory statements concerning English sentences.

The exclamatory sentence expresses strong emotion in the form of an exclamation or cry . . The interrogative sentence asks a question . . The declarative sentence states a fact. (Bryant 1945:99-102) Again the definitions furnish no practical help in sorting out our utterances. It is not enough to say that a sentence that 'asks a question' is an 'interrogative sentence', or that a sentence that 'gives a command' is an 'imperative sentence', or that a sentence that 'makes a statement' is a 'declarative sentence'.

Usually the hearer, in some inconspicuous but conventional way, gives the speaker signals of this continued attention. In telephone conversations these signals consist of brief oral sounds interjected at irregular intervals but not interrupting the speaker's span of talk. These brief oral sounds are not predictable, but, in a telephone conversation, if such a sequence of utterances occurs without oral signals of attention on the part of the hearer, the speaker usually interrupts his continuous discourse with such questions as do you hear me or are you (still) there.

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