By Gary Goertz
This ebook examines the methods and skill in which realms have interaction with their surroundings. the writer proposes a conception of context that examines the best way procedure constitution, normative setting, and historical past can act as contexts for determination makers, both as explanations, obstacles, or by means of altering meanings. The theoretical and methodological fabric is illustrated by means of a few case stories that practice context idea to precise difficulties, similar to decolonization, USSR-East eu relatives, and enduring army rivalries.
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Extra resources for Contexts of International Politics
For this reason context as changing meaning is a hierarchical notion. The hierarchy integrates two levels of analysis into one model. 5 Is context as changing meaning just a specific form of context as cause? Yes and no. In some environments there may be no relationship between X and Y, yet in another context this relationship is positive; hence by the definition of cause the contextual factor is a cause. But still in other contexts X is a barrier, preventing the outcome from occurring. 4. , /?
Part of the concept itself is a proposition about what an actor would have done had the barrier not existed. In the chapters on oil nationalization and USSR-East European relations part of the analysis consists in trying to demonstrate the validity of this counterfactual proposition. Early tests of the barrier are important because they support the counterfactual condition necessary for the validity of barrier models. If, on the other hand, cause is denned as a sufficient condition then counterfactual analysis loses its value.
Context is not something to get rid of, it is an integral part of the phenomena being compared. Przeworski and Teune are concerned with the problem of standardization. They want to remove the effects of systems to be able to compare individuals. We frequently standardize data without realizing the profound methodological implications of the operation. It is so habitual and mundane an operation that it is rarely treated in statistical or methodological textbooks (outside "statistical" standardization which is quite different).