Contesting Democracy: Political Ideas in Twentieth-Century by Jan-Werner Mülller

By Jan-Werner Mülller

This publication is the 1st significant account of political idea in twentieth-century Europe, either West and East, to seem because the finish of the chilly warfare. Skillfully mixing highbrow, political, and cultural background, Jan-Werner Müller elucidates the guidelines that formed the interval of ideological extremes earlier than 1945 and the liberalization of West eu politics after the second one global battle. He additionally deals vibrant photographs of recognized in addition to unjustly forgotten political thinkers and the routine and associations they inspired.

Müller will pay specific cognizance to principles complicated to justify fascism and the way they relate to the targeted form of liberal democracy that was once created in postwar Western Europe. He additionally explains the impression of the Nineteen Sixties and neoliberalism, finishing with a severe evaluation of today's self-consciously post-ideological age.

" [An] striking survey of 20th-century eu political thought.”—Tony Barber, monetary Times
(Tony Barber monetary instances 2011-08-20)

'This is a pathbreaking examine within the highbrow heritage of Europe in our time. Analysing principles that had political effect, Jan-Werner Mülller illuminates a endless debate approximately precise and fake democracy.' - Timothy Garton Ash
(Timothy Garton Ash)

'The so much cutting edge components of this admirably thorough and complete ebook take care of the now not so liberal roots of the liberal political associations and practices that got here to fruition in post-war Europe. What moves me is the balanced remedy of advancements in Western and jap Europe.' - Jürgen Habermas
(J�rgen Habermas)

'Ideology is where the place concept and perform, philosophy and background, meet. comprehend this "in-between" and also you are good in your solution to figuring out the inner most dynamics that form sleek political life. during this illuminating examine Jan-Werner Müller is helping us see the event of twentieth-century Europe, East and West, in a clean mild by way of exhibiting how its attribute ideologies constructed, functioned, and tailored to the area they created. by way of targeting "political suggestion that issues politically" Müller takes us past the straightforward tales we've inherited approximately revolution and response, post-war reconstruction, the chilly warfare, the Sixties, and masses else. through the top he places us in a stronger place to appreciate the forces at paintings in modern ecu politics and the unusual charm of the "anti-political" ideology that governs our time.' - Mark Lilla, writer of The Reckless brain: Intellectuals in Politics
(Mark Lilla)

'The nice success of Jan Werner Müller's Contesting Democracy is to steer us appropriately around the gigantic unruly manifestos of ecu political rules, from the appalling doctrines that helped generate the totalitarian regimes and global wars to the uneasy decency of our personal period, with no sacrificing the reader's feel of urgency and signifiance.' - Charles S. Maier
(Charles Maier)

'Jan-Werner Müller’s Contesting Democracy is the main philosophically subtle and topically entire learn of political rules in 20th- century Europe but on hand. It shows a masterful command of fundamental texts, archival assets, and myriad secondary literatures. Müller assembles for political theorists, highbrow historians and social scientists formerly disparate items of intellectual-political lifestyles from the final, so much incomprehensible century on that ceaselessly confused and infinitely difficult continent. via so expertly conveying the whole value of communism, fascism, liberalism, social democracy and Christian democracy, Müller makes the ecu 20th century even more fathomable from a old, ethical and political viewpoint than any earlier paintings, in any language.' - John P. McCormick, writer of Machiavellian Democracy
(John P. McCormick)

“…… [A] tremendous learn of the effect of mass democracy on eu political cultures.”—David Marquand, the hot Statesman
(David Marquand the hot Statesman 2011-08-22)

“…..[An] very good book…..Müller offers an insightful and accomplished assessment of the advance of political rules in 20th-century Europe that takes in Fascism, Communism, social democracy, liberalism, and lots more and plenty else.—Jeremy Jennings, perspective Magazine
(Jeremy Jennings viewpoint journal 2011-09-13)

“Muller’s profound and stimulating booklet has a lot to provide, either to experts and for others.”—Roger Morgan, instances better Education
(Roger Morgan occasions greater schooling 2011-10-06)

“There is not any bankruptcy of the 20th century’s eu political concept that isn't luminously analysed during this fantastically written, lucidly argued and immensely attractive book.”—Vladimir Tismaneanu, overseas Affairs
(Vladimir Tismaneanu overseas Affairs 2012-01-01)

"Jan-Werner Muller has written a superb publication which for the 1st time supplies us a competent synthesis of twentieth-century eu political thought." ecu evaluation of History
(European evaluate of heritage 2012-08-27)

"The originality of Contesting Democracy stems in strong half from the range of its topic, its good thought-out constitution, and, final yet now not least, its vigorous anecdotes and remarkable prices. Müller writes elegantly and has an excellent eye for vital rules and ignored authors." A. Craiutu, Springer.
(A. Craiutu Springer 2012-07-31)

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Weber’s Questions Max Weber had been steeped in the assumptions of nineteenth-century liberalism, but he was keenly alert to what he often referred to as ‘the demands of the day’ – that is, the political challenges thrown up by new historical constellations. Redefining the role of the state and its relation to democracy, and asking what form of political action individuals could be expected to engage in under these circumstances, were clearly such demands. Weber, who had been trained as a lawyer, was in certain regards a symptom, rather than a diagnostician, of what was widely perceived as a crisis of traditional conceptions of the state.

But now they tried to do so by means of modern public relations. 26 Legitimacy, in short, was based on monarchy’s usefulness for keeping together the nation or the empire. 29 On the other hand there were monarchs – in particular those in charge of continental empires – who still did believe in divine right; they considered constitutions, where they existed at all, to be nothing but ‘pieces of paper’ (in the infamous words of the Prussian king Friedrich Wilhelm IV). Here pageantry and pomp were not employed to gain domestic popularity, but as symbolic weapons in the international competition of emperors.

69 It might have been irrational, but it was the precondition to, or, in Weber’s own words, ‘an adequate condition’ (though not, strictly speaking, the cause) of, the emergence of the ‘spirit of capitalism’. The Protestant Ethic was above all a story of unintended consequences: the Calvinists set in motion a historical development which might end with the greatest form of collective enslavement the world had ever known – what Weber called the ‘steel-hard casing’ (stahlhartes Gehäuse, commonly mistranslated as ‘iron cage’) of universal rationalization and bureaucratization.

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