By Xiang Wu (auth.)
This e-book deals an eyewitness account of China’s two decades of rural reform. It documents the successive adjustments in numerous forms of China’s rural financial structures, from rural cooperatives to the people’s communes to the loved ones accountability method. It demonstrates that, because the place to begin of rural reform, the loved ones agreement administration performed an unforeseen position in selling the acceleration of China’s modernization strategy. extra, the ebook offers a scientific reason behind the reason and result of the reforms with out which it might be very unlikely to totally understand the increase of China over the past 3 decades.
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Extra resources for Contemporary Chinese Rural Reform
There was no choice but to falsify their reports. Some gave a false report first and then attempted 4 5 Ibid. Fengyang County Party Committee, “Zhao Conghua Anti-Party Crime Materials”, October 1959. 1 Disaster Zone of “Leftist” Mistakes 9 to make it up in reality, but labor efforts were limited; how could they compensate for the extra figures they provided everyday? 6 Due to the sweeping winds of Communism and exaggeration, the winds of forceful orders, blindly commanding production, and giving cadres special treatment increasingly grew stronger.
The whole brigade had 17 male laborers, and 15 had once been brigade leader or deputy brigade leader. Each family in the twenty households had been cadres at one point. “Counting the figures, switching brigade leaders” had become a normal pattern. Those at the upper level suppressed those at the lower level, and those at the lower level tried to manipulate those at the top. The consequence of back and forth struggles was spiritual division, barren land, poverty-stricken commune members, and emptiness in the collective.
Nevertheless, commune members still attempted to use the “responsibility fields” system, planted wheat, but rounded up in “large shares” during harvesting seasons. Some snatched, some stolen, and the end result was 965 jin, with 2400 jin of seeds unplanted. 900 jin of seeds were saved, and each person only received one and a half jin of wheat. ” In the following years, there was some peace and stability, but as soon as production began to rise, the “Cultural Revolution” unraveled itself onto Xiaogang in 1966.