By Lee E. Norrgard, Julia M. Norrgard
Buyer Fraud examines and areas in old and modern context the topic of customer fraud. matters reminiscent of telemarketing fraud, buyer expertise, and fact in advertisements are explored in addition to the social implications and the impression customer fraud has had on our lives.In one compact quantity, readers will locate an informative advent, a chronology of vital milestones with regards to patron fraud, evidence and facts, a set of biographical sketches, a listing of corporations, and an inventory of print and nonprint assets, together with net assurance. Rounded out via a finished index, this instruction manual is a superb selection for someone looking a one-stop reference paintings on shopper fraud.
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Additional resources for Consumer Fraud: A Reference Handbook
Business was to be free of all governmental restraints. Contracts were supreme, and the parties to a contract (sale) were responsible for the soundness of their purchase. Prior to 1817, the Supreme Court alluded to caveat emptor in a number of decisions involving certain kinds of property. According to legal scholars (Horowitz, 1974), however, it did not fully embrace the concept until the case of Laidlaw v. S. 178). Here one party to a contract for the purchase of tobacco had advanced knowledge that the War of 1812 had ended.
NACAA is an international association of state and local consumer protection agencies that compiles and releases a combined total of complaints from its members in the United States and Canada. In their most recent survey, November 1997, the top five categories for 162,000 complaints from 42 state and local agencies were: Auto sales (new and used cars): 20 percent Home improvement: 18 percent Auto repair: 17 percent Retail sales: 11 percent Mail order/telemarketing: 5 percent (NACAA, 1997). Overall, complaints were up by nearly one-third from the previous year, even though consumer protection budgets for these agencies declined.
At the end of the lease, the consumer may be able to purchase the car for its market value at that time, or he or she can walk away, owing nothing more. With some agreements, however, the person leasing must pay stiff charges for exceeding any mileage limitations in the agreement (48,000 miles with a four-year lease, for example). Leasing is a financial transaction filled with many new and unfamiliar terms and conditions. Capitalized costs or cap costs, for example, are terms describing the cost of the car.