Consistency in Personality: A Methodological Framework by Daniel J. Ozer

By Daniel J. Ozer

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However. analyses of G(S) SxR for each case in a sample should reveal those individuals for whom dominance is associated with pro-social rather than anti-social actions. This approach provides an interesting method for actually studying the person in personality research (Carlson. 1971). 39 G(S) SIT: The Consistency of Situational Effects Across Time Just as G{P) PxT assesses cross-time reliability of a given response class. G{S) SxT may. when the intervals between each Tm are not unduly long. assess the cross-time reliability of situational effects on any given response class.

Similar and parallel rationales can be developed for handling person-occasion and situation-occasion covariances; grouping them with V(PT) and V(ST). respectively. Computationally. one may proceed as follows: r 2= the square of the correlation between the set of person vectors and the dependent p variable. r 2= the square of the correlation between the set of situation vectors and the dependent s variable. sr 2= the square of the semi-partial correlation between the person vectors and the depenp 2 dent variable after the effect of r s has been removed.

G(P} PIS: The Consistency of Individual. Ditlerences Across Situations This type of consistency is often referred to as cross-situational consistency. Traditional nomothetic interpretations of the trait concept imply that in order to view any Rk as an index of a trait. there must be at least some levels of Sj that can be selected such that the resulting G{P) PxS is large (Le .. there is cross-situational consistency). Block (19B6) has suggested several reasons why G{P) PxS might be small. even when the response class concerned does represent a trait.

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