Conscience and Casuistry in Early Modern Europe (Ideas in by Edmund Leites

By Edmund Leites

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Edmund Leites (ed.)

This exam of a basic yet frequently ignored element of the highbrow background of early sleek Europe brings jointly philosophers, historians and political theorists from nice Britain, Canada, the us, Australia, France and Germany. regardless of the range of disciplines and nationwide traditions represented, the person contributions express a outstanding convergence round 3 subject matters: alterations within the modes of ethical schooling in early glossy Europe, the emergence of latest kinfolk among sense of right and wrong and legislation (particularly the legislations of the state), and the shared continuities and discontinuities of either Roman Catholic and Protestant ethical tradition when it comes to their medieval past.

'This assortment is an indication of the worth of the goals and techniques recommended via the final editors of the sequence, 'Ideas in Context'. The exam of casuistry and its acceptance, of linked rules of judgment of right and wrong and of the speculation and perform of ethical schooling within the early sleek interval always unearths connections among morality as a realistic and public obstacle and extra systematic and 'philosophical' moral conception. the result's immensely stimulating and suggestive (not much less so for the disagreements between contributors), and constitutes a problem to philosophers to hitch with historians in pursuit of a extra severe heritage of ethics than is but available.' M. R. Ayers, Wadham university, Oxford

Introduction Edmund Leites
1. Governing behavior James Tully
2. Laxity and liberty in seventeenth-century English political concept Margaret Sampson
3. Casuistry and personality Edmund Leites
4. Prescription and truth Jean Delumeau
5. The 'new paintings of lying': equivocation, psychological reservation, and casuistry Johann P. Sommerville
6. Kant and casuistry H.-D. Kittsteiner
7. ethical mathematics: seven sins into ten commandments John Bossy
8. Optics and sceptics: the philosophical foundations of Hobbes's political idea Richard Tuck

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I demur at Yolton's suggestion that Locke does not attack innate dispositions but only innate ideas {John Locke, p. 5 3). 5-10, 22 that Locke explicitly attacks the dispositional view as well. Yolton seems to rely on Locke's comment on Thomas Burnet's Third Remarks upon an Essay Concerning Humane Understanding (1699): 'I think noe body but this Author who ever read my book could doubt that I spoke only of innate ideas for my subject was the understanding and not of innate power. ' (Noah Porter, 'Marginalia Locke-a-na', New England and Yale Review, 7 (1887), 33-49, 45.

Compare 'Faith and Reason', MS Locke f. 1, pp. 412-32, in W. von Leyden, ed. John Locke: Essays on the Laws of Nature (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1954), pp. 274-81. The important studies by Popkin, van Leeuwen, and Shapiro have barely scratched the surface of this controversy. 6. 63 See Patey, pp. 58-61; and C. W. Slights, The Casuistical Tradition (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1981); Hacking, pp. 18-30. , London, 1751 (1970 reprint)), vols. 9-10. For the importance of Taylor see H. Baker, The Wars of Truth: Studies in the Decay of Christian Humanism (1952); Robert Hoopes, 'Voluntarism in Jeremy Taylor and the Platonic tradition', The Huntington Library Quarterly, 13 (1950), 341-54; Leites (1974).

J. Barbeyrac, tr. B. 20, and Leibniz's response, in 'Opinion on the principles of Pufendorf (1706), in The Political Writings of Leibniz, tr. Patrick Riley (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1972), pp. 64—77. For Boyle's voluntarism, see A Free Inquiry into the Vulgarly Received Notion of Nature, in Robert Boyle, The Works, ed. T. Birch, intr. D. , Hildesheim, Georg Olms, Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1965), vol. 5, pp. 158-255. SeeJ. E. McGuire, 'Boyle's conception of nature',Journalofthe History ofIdeas, 33 (1972), 523^42; and Eugene M.

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