Computer System Architecture (3rd Edition) by M. Morris R. Mano

By M. Morris R. Mano

Dealing with desktop structure in addition to desktop association and layout, this absolutely up-to-date e-book offers the elemental wisdom essential to comprehend the operation of electronic desktops. Written to help electric engineers, desktop engineers, and laptop scientists, the quantity contains: KEY FEATURES: the pc structure, association, and layout linked to laptop • the quite a few electronic elements utilized in the association and layout of electronic pcs • precise steps fashion designer needs to plow through which will layout an ordinary simple machine • the association and structure of the imperative processing unit • the association and structure of input-output and reminiscence • the idea that of multiprocessing • new chapters on pipeline and vector processing • sections dedicated thoroughly to the decreased guideline set desktop (RISC) • and pattern worked-out difficulties to elucidate subject matters.

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2. x·y=1, if x=y=1; x·y=0 otherwise. 3. x =0, if x=1; x =1 if x=0. The operations “+”, “·”, and “’“are called the logical OR, logical AND, and logical complement (or NOT) operators, respectively. ” x can be written as . “+” and “·” are sometimes called addition and multiplication. In words, the operations “+” and “·” require two operands. Each operand is a Boolean constant, 0 or 1. The “+” operation evaluates to 1 whenever one or both of the operands assume a value of 1. The “·” operation assumes a value of 1 only when both operands assume a value of 1.

When representing the number in binary, since the allowable digits are 0 and 1, we code one of the bits to represent the sign. The bit is the MSB with 0 to mean a nonnegative number and a 1 to mean a negative number. 1. Negative numbers can also be represented using either complement representation discussed in the previous section. ) In both representations, the MSB is used as a sign bit with a 1 indicating the number is negative and a 0 indicating the number is positive. When other bases are used to represent negative numbers, we use 0 and (b−1), for positive and negative representation, respectively.

1 Two-Digit Negative Numbers and Corresponding Decimal Value N+b's compl. of N=100 Decimal Value N+b's compl. +99 −1 Note: In the table, 90 represents the negative number (−10)10. Other entries are read similarly. 26 DIGITAL DESIGN AND COMPUTER ORGANIZATION Solution: Since the most-significant digit is used for the sign, we have a total of ten nonnegative numbers (00, 01, 02, …, 09). For the negative representation, the most-significant digit is 9. The negative representations are 90, 91, 92, …, 99.

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