Computer Architecture: Design and Performance by Barry Wilkinson

By Barry Wilkinson

This ebook is anxious with quite a number strategies for making improvements to the functionality of desktops. half 1 discusses the basic ways to increase functionality, half 2 examines multiprocessor platforms utilizing shared reminiscence, and half three discusses desktops now not utilizing shared reminiscence. Concentrating upon recommendations and the ensuing functionality, the textual content offers chapters on reminiscence administration, cache reminiscence, pipelining, diminished guide set desktops (RISCs), unmarried bus multiprocessor platforms, interconnection networks, message-passing multiprocessor platforms, and dataflow platforms. there's additionally assurance of shared-memory multiprocessor structures and multiprocessors with no shared reminiscence. The textual content is interspersed with case reviews.

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End(), static_cast(0U)); // Do something with the counters. // ... 13 The STL’s library has some particularly useful algorithms for microcontroller programming including, among others, std::accumulate() and std::inner_product() which can be used for things like checksums, vectormatrix mathematics, etc. The functions in can reduce code complexity and bring the heart of the algorithm at hand into clear focus. See Sect. 8 for further information on .

Namespace for the microcontroller abstraction layer. namespace mcal { // The mcal initialization. void init(); // The general purpose timer stuff in the mcal. namespace gpt { void init(); std::uint32_t get_time_elapsed(); } // The ADC stuff in the mcal. namespace adc { void init(); std::uint16_t read_value(const unsigned); } } // Initialize the mcal. // Note the clean organization with namespaces. , an anonymous namespace) can be used for filelevel localization. 5 Basic Classes It is not difficult to start working with class types in C++.

In C++, std::array can be used as a drop-in replacement for C-style arrays. Since std::array is a sequential STL container, it offers the benefits of iterators, container size, compatibility with STL algorithms, etc. The std::array container has the added benefit of size known at compiletime. The compiler can, therefore, allocate storage for an std::array where it needs to—on the stack, in static memory, on-the-fly for an std::array declared as a constexpr, etc. Using std::array eliminates concerns about potential memory fragmentation from dynamic memory allocation and allocators (Sect.

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